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Table 4 Odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of less than good health by recalled low control beliefs, adjusted for age, sex (model 1), and additionally adjusted for family composition, and ethnic and socioeconomic background (model 2) in case and control group, separately

From: Low control beliefs in relation to school dropout and poor health: findings from the SIODO case–control study

  Cases Cases Cases Cases Controls Controls Controls Controls
N % less than good health Model 1 Model 2 N % less than good health Model 1 Model 2
Mastery   *     *   
  High 88 10.2 1.00 1.00 132 4.5 1.00 1.00
  Medium 101 16.8 1.87 (0.78-4.48) 1.81 (0.75-4.36) 114 8.8 1.82 (0.63-5.23) 1.76 (0.61-5.09)
  Low 139 39.6 5.92 (2.72-12.8) 5.89 (2.67-13.0) 84 19.0 4.23 (1.56-11.5) 4.10 (1.48-11.4)
Self-efficacy   *     *   
  High 86 15.1 1.00 1.00 130 3.8 1.00 1.00
  Medium 109 15.6 1.08 (0.49-2.38) 1.09 (0.49-2.43) 118 11.9 3.23 (1.11-9.35) 2.96 (1.01-8.66)
  Low 133 38.3 3.68 (1.84-7.38) 3.99 (1.95-8.16) 82 15.9 4.96 (1.67-14.7) 4.78 (1.60-14.3)
  1. *p ≤0.05 (chi2-test); percentages are row percentages.