Skip to main content

Table 2 Associations of socioeconomic background, ethnic background, family composition and sex with less than good health, low mastery, and low self-efficacy in cases and controls, separately (row percentages) a

From: Low control beliefs in relation to school dropout and poor health: findings from the SIODO case–control study

  % less than good health % low masteryb % low self-efficacyb
  Cases Controls Cases Controls Cases Controls
Socioeconomic background *   *    
  High 17.3 10.8 32.7 23.3 36.5 27.5
  Intermediate 25.3 6.1 38.0 24.3 37.0 22.6
  Low 30.4 12.6 54.8 29.5 47.6 24.2
Ethnic background       
  Autochthonous backgroundc 25.3 9.6 42.0 25.2 39.9 25.2
  Non-western background 21.7 11.8 45.8 29.4 47.9 17.6
Family composition     *   
  Two parents 24.9 9.4 39.5 22.5 36.0 25.2
  One parent 24.3 12.5 53.5 53.1 59.2 21.9
Sex       
  Women 29.3 8.0 45.5 23.5 41.0 26.0
  Men 17.7 12.3 38.5 28.5 40.8 23.1
  1. *p ≤0.05 (chi2-test).
  2. aMean age differed significantly between those with (19.4 years) and without (18.9 years) less than good health.
  3. bMastery and general self-efficacy were left in three categories, but only the percent in the lowest tertile is shown.
  4. cIncluding a western migration background.