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Table 3 Smoking pattern among smokers before law, after passage of the 1st and 2nd smoke-free

From: Impact of a long-term tobacco-free policy at a comprehensive cancer center: a series of cross-sectional surveys

  Baseline (n = 190) After 1stlaw (n = 138) After 2ndlaw (n = 49) p for trend
% 95% CI % 95% CI % 95% CI  
Type of consumption        
Daily smokers 87.90 (83.3-92.5) 79.0 (72.2-85.8) 75.5 (63.3-87.5) 0.012
Occasional smokers 12.10 (7.5-16.7) 21.0 (14.2-27.8) 24.5 (12.5-36.5)  
Tobacco dependence        
Number of cigarettes per day        
< 10 cigarettes 50.6 (43.5-57.7) 45.9 (37.5-54.2) 40.5 (26.7-54.2) 0.226
10-20 cigarettes 43.8 (36.7-50.8) 40.5 (32.3-48.7) 59.5 (45.7-73.2) 0.710
> 20 cigarettes 5.7 (2.4-8.9) 13.5 (7.8-19.2) 0.0 - 0.827
First cigarette after awaking        
≤ 30 minutes 3.6 (1.1-6.6) 6.0 (2.0-9.9) 39.1 (25.4-52.7) <0.001
> 30 minutes 96.4 (93.7-99.0) 82.6 (76.3-88.9) 60.9 (47.2-74.5)  
Willingness to quit        
Concerned about tobacco use effects        
On their own health 69.7 (63.2-76.2) 71.7 (64.2-79.2) 62.5 (48.9-76.0) 0.594
On others health 66.0 (59.3-72.7) 46.2 (37.9-54.5) 48.9 (34.9-62.9) 0.002
Previous quit attempts in the last year        
Yes 57.4 (50.4-64.4) 56.5 (48.2-64.7) 72.3 (59.7-84.5) 0.163
Readiness to quit        
Yes 60.3 (56.1-69.8) 28.20 (20.8-35.7) 11.5 (2.2-19.7) <0.001
Readiness to fix a data to quit        
Yes 36.5 (29.65-43.3) 31.40 (23.3-38.7) 20.4 (12.1-35.6) 0.036
Consulted a professional to quit        
Yes 10.1 (5.7-14.3) 40.7 (32.8-49.2) 65.3 (56.4-82.2) <0.001
Refrain from smoking in working hours        
Yes 14.1 (9.15-19.0) 28.6 (21.1-36.1) 34.0 (20.7-47.3) 0.001