Skip to main content

Table 4 Bivariate and multivariate models of the factors associated with HIV testing among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Yaoundé (n = 238), Cameroon 2011

From: Correlates of prior HIV testing among men who have sex with men in Cameroon: a cross-sectional analysis

  Ever tested for HIV n (%) Never tested for HIV n (%) RDS-weighted OR (95% CI) RDS-weighted OR (95% CI) p-value
Total 197 (82.8) 41 (17.2)    
Age (years)      
  18–29 (per year increase in age) 158 (81.0) 37 (19.0) 1.24 (1.09-1.40) 1.16 (1.03-1.32) 0.01
  ≥30 (per year increase in age) 39 (90.7) 4 (9.3) 0.73 (0.59-0.90) 0.81 (0.64-1.03) 0.09
Highest level of education attained      
  ≤Secondary 124 (76.1) 39 (23.9) Ref Ref -
  University or technical studies 73 (97.3) 2 (2.7) 9.54 (1.75-52.13) 7.96 (1.31-48.41) 0.03
Occupational status      
  Student or apprentice 71 (80.7) 17 (19.3) Ref - -
  Employed 104 (86.0) 17 (14.1) 1.43 (0.63-3.28) - -
  Unemployed 22 (75.9) 7 (24.1) 0.71 (0.23-2.20) - -
Christian religion1 185 (84.1) 35 (15.9) 1.60 (0.49-5.25) - -
Sexual orientation: Gay2 63 (86.3) 10 (13.7) 1.05 (0.44-2.49) - -
Sexual role preference: Receptive3 55 (74.3) 19 (25.7) 0.50 (0.23-1.09) 0.53 (0.21-1.30) 0.2
Relationship status: Single4 157 (80.9) 37 (19.1) 0.55 (0.15-2.04) - -
Ever accessed CBO HIV service for MSM 88 (88.0) 12 (12.0) 1.52 (0.66-3.48) - -
Ever received free condoms 138 (86.8) 21 (13.2) 1.69 (0.77-3.75) 1.61 (0.66-3.94) 0.3
In the last 12 months:      
  Any STI symptom 81 (85.3) 14 (14.7) 1.37 (0.62-3.04) - -
  Had male and female sexual partners5 91 (82.7) 19 (17.3) 0.64 (0.34-1.20) - -
  Number of male partners      
  1-3 106 (80.3) 26 (19.7) Ref - -
  ≥4 91 (85.9) 15 (14.2) 1.51 (0.69-3.31) - -
  Inconsistent condom use: regular male partner(s) 125 (83.3) 25 (16.7) 0.95 (0.56-1.59) - -
  Inconsistent condom use: casual partner(s) 73 (76.0) 23 (24.0) 0.69 (0.45-1.07) - -
HIV knowledge composite score, per 20% increase 85 (15) 77 (15) 2.13 (1.17-3.87) - -
Social support for condom use, composite score, per 20% increase 81 (50) 63 (38) 0.86 (0.62-1.21) - -
  1. 1vs. REF Muslim, other, or no religion.
  2. 2vs. REF: Bisexual, MSM, straight, other.
  3. 3vs. REF: Insertive, versatile or other.
  4. 4vs. REF: Married or other.
  5. 5vs. REF: Had male partners only in the past 12 months.
  6. All variables listed in this table were considered for inclusion into the multivariate models. The same variables were considered for inclusion in Douala and Yaoundé multivariate models.
  7. Final model did not include condom use variables since they substantially reduced sample size. The HIV knowledge composite (%) was constructed by taking the sum of the number of correct responses to 13 items and converting it to a percentage. The social support for condom use composite (%) was created by dichotomizing each of the 8 items into yes (strongly agree and agree) and no (disagree and strongly disagree) then taking the sum and converting it into a percentage.
  8. aOR, adjusted odds ratio; CBO, community-based organization; CI, confidence interval; HIV, Human Immunodeficiency Virus; IQR, interquartile range; MSM, men who have sex with men; OR, odds ratio; RDS, respondent-driven sampling; STI, sexually transmitted infection.