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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariate models of the factors associated with HIV testing among MSM in Douala (n = 268), Cameroon 2011

From: Correlates of prior HIV testing among men who have sex with men in Cameroon: a cross-sectional analysis

  Ever tested for HIV n (%) Never tested for HIV n (%) RDS-weighted OR (95% CI) RDS-weighted aOR (95% CI) p-value
Total 216 (80.6) 52 (19.4) - - -
Age (years)      
  18-29 (per year increase in age) 178 (79.8) 45 (20.2) 1.12 (1.00-1.26) 1.08 (0.95-1.21) 0.2
  ≥30 (per year increase in age) 38 (84.4) 7 (15.6) 0.78 (0.64-0.95) 0.84 (0.68-1.05) 0.1
Highest level of education attained      
  ≤Secondary 154 (77.4) 45 (22.6) Ref Ref -
  University or technical studies 62 (89.9) 7 (10.1) 3.96 (1.62-9.67) 3.51 (1.32-9.34) 0.01
Occupational status      
  Student or apprentice 92 (80.0) 23 (20.0) Ref - -
  Employed 99 (79.8) 25 (20.16) 0.87 (0.42-1.78) - -
  Unemployed 25 (86.2) 4 (13.8) 2.29 (0.69-7.67) - -
Christian religion1 181 (78.4) 50 (21.7) 0.17 (0.38-0.78) - -
Sexual orientation: Gay2 55 (78.6) 15 (21.4) 0.50 (0.24-1.08) - -
Sexual role preference: Receptive3 73 (85.9) 12 (14.1) 1.60 (0.71-3.59) 1.38 (0.60-3.21) 0.5
Relationship status: Single4 179 (79.2) 47 (20.8) 0.55 (0.15-2.04) - -
Ever accessed CBO HIV service for MSM 172 (86.4) 27 (13.6) 3.69 (1.90-7.58) 3.37 (1.57-7.24) 0.002
Ever received free condoms 162 (82.7) 34 (76.5) 1.59 (0.74-3.41) - -
In the last 12 months:      
  Any STI symptom 62 (77.5) 18 (22.5) 0.82 (0.39-1.71) - -
  Had male and female sexual partners5 66 (82.5) 14 (17.5) 1.47 (0.74-2.95) - -
  Number of male partners      
  1-3 129 (76.3) 40 (23.7) Ref Ref -
  ≥4 87 (87.9) 12 (12.1) 2.88 (1.31-6.31) 2.49 (1.08-5.74) 0.03
  Inconsistent condom use: regular male partner(s) 103 (83.7) 20 (16.3) 1.18 (0.73-1.91) - -
  Inconsistent condom use: casual partner(s) 77 (78.6) 21 (21.4) 0.89 (0.53-1.49) - -
HIV knowledge composite score, per 20% increase 85 (15) 85 (23) 1.38 (0.85-2.24) - -
Social support for condom use, composite score, per 20% increase 63 (50) 63 (63) 0.97 (0.75-1.25) - -
  1. 1vs. REF Muslim, other, or no religion.
  2. 2vs. REF: Bisexual, MSM, straight, other.
  3. 3vs. REF: Insertive, versatile or other.
  4. 4vs. REF: Married or other.
  5. 5vs. REF: Had male partners only in the past 12 months.
  6. All variables listed in this table were considered for inclusion into the multivariate models. The same variables were considered for inclusion in Douala and Yaoundé multivariate models.
  7. Final model did not include condom use variables since they substantially reduced sample size. The HIV knowledge composite (%) was constructed by taking the sum of the number of correct responses to 13 items and converting it to a percentage. The social support for condom use composite (%) was created by dichotomizing each of the 8 items into yes (strongly agree and agree) and no (disagree and strongly disagree) then taking the sum and converting it into a percentage.
  8. aOR, adjusted odds ratio; CBO, community-based organization; CI, confidence interval; HIV, Human Immunodeficiency Virus; IQR, interquartile range; MSM, men who have sex with men; OR, odds ratio; RDS, respondent-driven sampling; STI, sexually transmitted infection.