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Table 2 Prevalence of undernutrition in children aged 0–36 months based on the different classifications across baseline characteristics a

From: A survey of undernutrition in children under three years of age in rural Western China

Characteristics CIAF No failure Wasting only Wasting and underweight Wasting,stunting and underweight Underweight and stunting Stunting only Underweight only
NO. (%) NO. (%) NO. (%) NO. (%) NO. (%) NO. (%) NO. (%) NO. (%)
Province         
Gansu 74(24.0)* 234(76.0)* 6(1.9)* 4(1.3)* 2(0.6)* 13(4.2)* 49(15.9)* 0(0.0)*
Guangxi 395(25.0) 1184(75.0) 43(2.7) 48(3.0) 28(1.8) 77(4.9) 175(11.1) 21(1.3)
Guizhou 494(39.3) 762(60.7) 34(2.7) 54(4.3) 28(2.2) 135(10.7) 210(16.7) 28(2.2)
Jiangxi 298(19.2) 1258(80.8) 37(2.4) 41(2.6) 15(1.0) 46(3.0) 142(9.1) 17(1.1)
Inner Mongolia 95(7.8) 1118(92.2) 15(1.2) 5(0.4) 2(0.2) 12(1.0) 56(4.6) 5(0.4)
Ningxia 135(10.7) 1122(89.3) 26(2.1) 18(1.4) 6(0.5) 20(1.6) 60(4.8) 5(0.4)
Qinghai 295(18.7) 1284(81.3) 20(1.3) 25(1.6) 4(0.3) 39(2.5) 199(12.6) 4(0.3)
Sichuan 472(30.2) 1091(69.8) 53(3.4) 51(3.3) 16(1.0) 77(4.9) 265(17.0) 8(0.5)
Xinjiang 429(20.3) 1712(80.0) 32(1.5) 33(1.5) 21(1.0) 76(3.5) 244(11.4) 21(1.0)
Chongqing 247(22.9) 833(77.1) 12(1.1) 12(1.1) 5(0.5) 40(3.7) 170(15.7) 3(0.3)
Gender         
Girl 1119(19.5)* 4631(80.5) 106(1.8) 117(2.0) 35(0.6)* 223(3.9) 591(10.3)* 39(0.7)
Boy 1815(23.3) 5967(76.7) 172(2.2) 174(2.2) 92(1.2) 312(4.0) 979(12.6) 73(0.9)
Ethnicity         
Minority 1410(27.8)* 3663(72.2) 106(2.1) 129(2.5)* 70(1.4)* 300(5.9)* 734(14.5)* 61(1.2)*
Han 1524(18.0) 6935(82.0) 172(2.0) 162(1.9) 57(0.7) 235(2.8) 836(9.9) 51(0.6)
Currently breast-feeding         
No 129(21.9) 460(78.1) 6(1.0) 13(2.2) 7(1.2) 27(4.6) 72(12.2) 3(0.5)
Yes 2799(21.7) 10124(78.3) 272(2.1) 278(2.2) 120(0.9) 507(3.9) 1493(11.6) 109(0.8)
Children’ age (months)         
0 ~ 6 245(13.3) 1604(86.7) 71(3.8)* 28(1.5)* 2(0.1)* 23(1.2)* 112(6.1)* 8(0.4)*
7 ~ 12 490(15.8) 2606(84.2) 72(2.3) 82(2.6) 23(0.7) 68(2.2) 209(6.8) 33(1.1)
13 ~ 18 544(21.4) 1995(78.6) 47(1.9) 69(2.7) 43(1.7) 84(3.3) 277(10.9) 19(0.7)
19 ~ 24 639(26.7) 1755(73.3) 33(1.4) 40(1.7) 32(1.3) 117(4.9) 390(16.3) 22(0.9)
25 ~ 30 467(26.8) 1275(73.2) 25(1.4) 32(1.8) 14(0.8) 120(6.9) 259(14.9) 16(0.9)
31 ~ 36 549(28.7) 1363(71.3) 30(1.6) 40(2.1) 13(0.7) 123(6.4) 323(16.9) 14(0.7)
Mothers’ age         
<20 69(20.5) 267(79.5) 8(2.4) 6(1.8) 2(0.6) 14(4.2) 35(10.4) 4(1.2)
20 ~ 29 2007(21.4) 7370(78.6) 194(2.1) 212(2.3) 80(0.9) 349(3.7) 1077(11.5) 81(0.9)
30 ~ 39 776(22.8) 2632(77.2) 66(1.9) 68(2.0) 40(1.2) 150(4.4) 420(12.3) 25(0.7)
40~ 33(21.4) 121(78.6) 6(3.9) 3(1.9) 1(0.6) 9(5.8) 12(7.8) 2(1.3)
Mothers’ educations years         
no education 340(27.6)* 894(72.4) 19(1.5) 28(2.3) 21(1.7)* 81(6.6)* 176(14.3)* 11(0.9)
1 ~ 5 904(26.0) 2575(74.0) 61(1.8) 86(2.5) 46(1.3) 184(5.3) 489(14.1) 33(0.9)
6 ~ 9 1543(20.3) 6064(79.7) 180(2.4) 162(2.1) 55(0.7) 244(3.2) 829(10.9) 61(0.8)
10 ~ 12 97(11.6) 738(88.4) 14(1.7) 11(1.3) 5(0.6) 15(1.8) 48(5.7) 4(0.5)
>12 36(12.6) 250(87.4) 4(1.4) 2(0.7) 0(0.0) 5(1.7) 22(7.7) 3(1.0)
Wealth index         
poor 1054(27.5)* 2779(72.5) 83(2.2) 97(2.5) 59(1.5)* 205(5.3)* 557(14.5)* 41(1.1)
middle 1046(20.8) 3991(79.2) 108(2.1) 106(2.1) 35(0.7) 190(3.8) 572(11.4) 32(0.6)
rich 834(17.9) 3828(82.1) 87(1.9) 88(1.9) 33(0.7) 140(3.0) 441(9.5) 39(0.8)
Total 2934(21.7) 10598(78.3) 278(2.1) 291(2.2) 127(0.9) 535(4.0) 1570(11.6) 112(2.1)
  1. aValues represent the number of children with anthropometric failure and the prevalence is included in the bracket.
  2. *denote P < 0.05 for prevalence of undernutrition based on the different classifications across baseline characteristics using χ 2 test.