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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of children under three years old in 2005 in 10 provinces a

From: A survey of undernutrition in children under three years of age in rural Western China

Characteristicsb Gansu Guangxi Guizhou Jiangxi Inner Mongolia Ningxia Qinghai Sichuan Xinjiang Chongqing
Parity† 1.6 ± 0.8 1.4 ± 0.6 1.5 ± 0.7 1.5 ± 0.6 1.2 ± 0.4 1.5 ± 0.7 1.4 ± 0.6 1.5 ± 0.5 1.6 ± 0.8 1.3 ± 0.5
Gender*           
Girl 138(44.8) 660(41.8) 480(38.2) 483(31.0) 550(45.3) 505(40.2) 742(47.0) 668(42.7) 1008(47.1) 516(47.8)
Boy 170(55.2) 919(58.2) 776(61.8) 1073(69.0) 663(54.7) 752(59.8) 837(53.0) 895(57.3) 1133(52.9) 564(52.2)
Ethnicity*           
Minority 3(1.0) 999(63.3) 896(71.3) 11(0.7) 66(5.4) 232(18.5) 586(37.1) 529(33.8) 1727(80.7) 24(2.2)
Han 305(99.0) 580(36.7) 360(28.7) 1545(99.3) 1147(94.6) 1025(81.5) 993(62.9) 1034(66.2) 414(19.3) 1056(97.8)
Currently breast-feeding*           
No 13(4.2) 32(2.0) 64(5.1) 84(5.4) 70(5.8) 61(4.9) 46(2.9) 84(5.4) 106(5.0) 29(2.7)
Yes 295(95.8) 1538(98.0) 1188(94.9) 1471(94.6) 1143(94.2) 1193(95.1) 1532(97.1) 1479(94.6) 2034(95.0) 1050(97.3)
Children' age (months)‡           
0 ~ 6 23(7.5) 283(17.9) 143(11.4) 274(17.6) 191(15.7) 148(11.8) 145(9.2) 191(12.2) 331(15.5) 120(11.1)
7 ~ 12 51(16.6) 408(25.8) 270(21.5) 366(23.5) 336(27.7) 286(22.8) 378(23.9) 314(20.1) 471(22.0) 216(20.0)
13 ~ 18 52(16.9) 326(20.6) 220(17.5) 302(19.4) 236(19.5) 235(18.7) 294(18.6) 293(18.7) 389(18.2) 192(17.8)
19 ~ 24 64(20.8) 271(17.2) 262(20.9) 303(19.5) 178(14.7) 220(17.5) 278(17.6) 283(18.1) 343(16.0) 192(17.8)
25 ~ 30 47(15.3) 150(9.5) 175(13.9) 168(10.8) 99(8.2) 168(13.4) 234(14.8) 229(14.7) 311(14.5) 161(14.9)
31 ~ 36 71(23.1) 141(8.9) 186(14.8) 143(9.2) 173(14.3) 200(15.9) 250(15.8) 253(16.2) 296(13.8) 199(18.4)
Mothers’ age‡           
<20 2(0.7) 17(1.1) 23(1.9) 23(1.5) 12(1.0) 26(2.1) 79(5.0) 29(1.9) 113(5.3) 12(1.2)
20 ~ 29 223(72.6) 1017(64.5) 900(73.5) 1122(73.4) 950(78.6) 962(78.7) 1153(73.6) 976(63.2) 1439(67.7) 635(65.4)
30 ~ 39 80(26.1) 514(32.6) 286(23.4) 378(24.7) 242(20.0) 229(18.7) 328(20.9) 505(32.7) 548(25.8) 298(30.7)
40~ 2(0.7) 28(1.8) 15(1.2) 6(0.4) 5(0.4) 5(0.4) 6(0.4) 35(2.3) 26(1.2) 26(2.7)
Mothers’ educations years‡           
no education 83(27.1) 46(2.9) 197(15.7) 74(4.8) 76(6.3) 155(12.5) 428(27.3) 83(5.3) 72(3.4) 20(1.9)
1 ~ 5 106(34.6) 484(30.7) 364(29.1) 662(43.1) 186(15.3) 245(19.8) 400(25.5) 269(17.3) 713(33.3) 50(4.7)
6 ~ 9 94(30.7) 941(59.6) 644(51.4) 729(47.4) 772(63.6) 731(59.1) 563(36.0) 1103(70.8) 1182(55.3) 848(80.5)
10 ~ 12 15(4.9) 80(5.1) 40(3.2) 58(3.8) 134(11.0) 86(7.0) 120(7.7) 79(5.1) 143(6.7) 80(7.6)
>12 8(2.6) 28(1.8) 8(0.6) 14(0.9) 45(3.7) 19(1.5) 55(3.5) 25(1.6) 29(1.4) 55(5.2)
Wealth index‡           
Poor 79(25.6) 336(21.3) 559(44.5) 222(14.3) 161(13.3) 100(8.0) 683(43.3) 282(18.0) 1281(59.8) 130(12.0)
Middle 53(17.2) 639(40.5) 353(28.1) 512(32.9) 430(35.4) 418(33.3) 587(37.2) 823(52.7) 658(30.7) 564(52.2)
Rich 176(57.1) 604(38.3) 344(27.4) 822(52.8) 622(51.3) 739(58.8) 309(19.6) 458(29.3) 202(9.4) 386(35.7)
Total 308 1579 1256 1556 1213 1257 1579 1563 2141 1080
  1. aValues are expressed as mean ± SD or the percentage of the study population in that province.
  2. bMissing values: 3 for parity, 21 for breastfeeding, 3 for gender, 92 for mothers’ education years, 262 for mothers’ age.
  3. †denote P < 0.05, suggesting a significant difference in parity among 10 provinces by using one-way ANOVA; *denote P < 0.05 in gender, ethnicity and currently breast-feeding among the 10 provinces with χ 2 test; ‡ denote P < 0.05 in children’ age, mothers’ educations years and wealth index among the 10 provinecs by Kruskal-Wallis H test.