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Table 1 Population characteristics for studies relating to selected chronic sequelae of Campylobacter published before July 2011

From: Systematic review and meta-analysis of the proportion of Campylobacter cases that develop chronic sequelae

First author, year, reference number Country Sequelae~ Age range (for Campylobactercases) % female (for Campylobactercases) Source of data Study directionality Outbreak source Date for data collection Season
Pitkanen, 1981 [23] Finland ReA All ages 46 Hospitalized cases Other^ NA 1978-1980 All
Wang, 2008 [24] Taiwan GBS Youth+ 30 Hospitalized cases Other NA 2000-2006 All
Short, 1982 [25] UK ReA NR NR Hospitalized cases Other NA 1979 Summer/Fall
Rowe, 1991 [26] Canada HUS Youth 60 Hospitalized cases Prospective NA 1985 - 1988 All
Petersen, 1996 [27] Denmark ReA All ages 49 Hospitalized cases Prospective NA 1991-1993 All
Saps, 2008 [28] USA & Italy IBS Youth 48 Hospitalized cases Prospective NA 2006 Summer/Fall
Pitkanen, 1983 [29] Finland ReA All ages 47 Hospitalized cases Retrospective NA 1978-1981 All
Spiller, 2000 [30] UK IBS Adults 60 NR Prospective NA NR NR
Spence, 2007 [31] New Zealand IBS NR NR Other Prospective NA Pre-2006 All
Melby, 1990 [32] Norway ReA All ages 48.5 Outbreak in community Prospective Waterborne Pre-1990 Spring/Summer
Bremmel, 1991 [33] Sweden ReA NR 55 Outbreak in community Prospective NR 1981 Fall
Gardner, 2011 [34] USA GBS All ages 1 Outbreak in community Prospective Food - vegetable 2008 Summer/Fall
Eastmond, 1983 [35] Scotland ReA NR NR Outbreak in community Retrospective Food - dairy 1979 Winter
McCarthy, 1999 [36] Sweden GBS NR NR Outbreak in community Retrospective Waterborne 1980,1994, 1995 Fall, Spring, Spring
Locht, 2002 [37] Denmark ReA Adults 56 Surveillance* Other NA 1997-2000 All
Helms, 2006 [38] Denmark GBS, IBD, IBS, HUS, ReA All ages 50 Surveillance Retrospective NA 1991 - 1999 All
Kosunen, 1981 [39] Finland ReA, RS NR NR Surveillance NR NA 1978 - 1979 All
Ponka, 1984 [40] Finland ReA All ages NR Surveillance Prospective NA 1978 - 1991 All
Schiellerup, 2008 [41] Denmark ReA Adults 57.1 Surveillance Prospective NA 2002-2003 All
Dunlop, 2003 [42] England IBS Adults nr Surveillance Prospective NA 1999-2002 All
Hannu, 2002 [43] Finland ReA All ages 59 Surveillance Prospective NA 1997-1998 All
Doorduyn, 2008 [44] Netherlands ReA, RS, GBS, MFS, IBS NR nr Surveillance Prospective NA 2002-2003, 2005 NR
Moss-Morris 2006, [45] New Zealand IBS Adults 56 Surveillance Prospective NA 2002-2003 All
Thornley, 2001 [46] UK IBS Adults NR Surveillance Prospective NA 1997 Spring/Summer
Townes, 2008 [47] USA ReA All ages 50 Surveillance Prospective NA 2002-2004 All
Jess, 2011 [48] Denmark Crohn’s, UC All ages 50 Surveillance Retrospective NA 1992 - 2008 All
Gumpel, 1981 [49] England ReA All ages nr Surveillance Retrospective NA 1978 All
Tam, 2006 [50] UK GBS NR NR Surveillance Retrospective NA 1991 - 2001 All
Scoenberg-Norio, 2010 [51] Finland ReA All ages 48.3 Surveillance Prospective NA 2002 Summer/Fall
Ternhag, 2008 [52] Sweden GBS, ReA, HUS, IBS, UC, Crohn’s All ages 51 Surveillance Retrospective NA 1997-2004 All
McCarthy, 2001 [53] Sweden GBS All ages NR Surveillance Retrospective NA 1987-1995 All
  1. ^Other included combinations of both approaches.
  2. *Population surveillance includes laboratory and notifiable disease registries, sporadic cases and other population surveillance. NR = Not Reported.
  3. +Youth were those younger than 18. Adults were ≥ 18 years.
  4. ~ReA = reactive arthritis; RS = Reiter’s syndrome; GBS = Guillain Barré syndrome; MFS = Miller-Fisher syndrome; HUS = haemolytic uraemic syndrome; IBS = irritable bowel syndrome; IBD = inflammatory bowel disease; UC = ulcerative colitis; Crohn’s = Crohn’s disease.