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Table 1 Top 20 causes of Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALY), Years Lived with Disability (YLD) and Years of Life Lost (YLL) in Belgium, 2012, according to WHO global health estimates

From: Quantifying burden of disease to support public health policy in Belgium: opportunities and constraints

Rank DALY   YLD   YLL  
1 Ischaemic heart disease [=] Back and neck pain [=] Ischaemic heart disease [=]
2 Other circulatory diseases [=] Unipolar depressive disorders [=] Trachea, bronchus, lung cancers [=]
3 Trachea, bronchus, lung cancers [=] Falls [=] Other circulatory diseases [=]
4 Back and neck pain [+1] Other musculoskeletal disorders [=] Stroke [=]
5 Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias [+6] Alcohol use disorders [=] Other malignant neoplasms [+1]
6 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [=] Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias [=] Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [+1]
7 Unipolar depressive disorders [=] Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [=] Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias [+6]
8 Stroke [−4] Ischaemic heart disease [=] Self-harm [−3]
9 Falls [+3] Anxiety disorders [=] Colon and rectum cancers [=]
10 Other malignant neoplasms [−1] Migraine [=] Lower respiratory infections [+1]
11 Alcohol use disorders [+2] Osteoarthritis [=] Breast cancer [−1]
12 Self-harm [−2] Road injury [=] Other digestive diseases [=]
13 Other musculoskeletal disorders [+2] Asthma [=] Road injury [−5]
14 Colon and rectum cancers [+2] Schizophrenia [=] Cirrhosis of the liver [=]
15 Road injury [−7] Other circulatory diseases [+1] Other unintentional injuries [+4]
16 Other digestive diseases [+2] Drug use disorders [−1] Pancreas cancer [+1]
17 Breast cancer [−3] Bipolar disorder [=] Other respiratory diseases [−2]
18 Lower respiratory infections [−1] Other unintentional injuries [=] Other infectious diseases [+2]
19 Other unintentional injuries [+1] Rheumatoid arthritis [=] Lymphomas, multiple myeloma [−1]
20 Anxiety disorders [+2] Stroke [=] Falls [+3]
  1. The change in rank since 2000 is given between brackets, with ‘+’ indicating an increase in rank, ‘–’ a decrease in rank, and ‘=’ a status quo.