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Table 3 Relationships between sociodemographic factors, health behaviors and health outcomes among older females in Russia (SAGE Wave 1: 2007–2010)

From: The relationship between healthy behaviors and health outcomes among older adults in Russia

  Very good health Good health Moderate health Bad health Very bad health
  Average marginal effect (95% confidence interval) Average marginal effect (95% confidence interval) Average marginal effect (95% confidence interval) Average marginal effect (95% confidence interval) Average marginal effect (95% confidence interval)
Age -0.00007(-0.0001; 0.00001) -0.003***(-0.004; -0.002) -0.004***(-0.005; -0.0027) 0.006***(0.004; 0.008) 0.001***(0.0006; 0.0014)
Urban 0.00008(-0.0003; 0.0005) 0.0037(-0.015;0.02) 0.005(-0.022; 0.032) -0.008(-0.047; 0.032) -0.0013(-0.008; 0.005)
Marital status (single) -0.00012(-0.0005; 0.00025) -0.006(-0.02;0.01) -0.008(-0.03;0.014) 0.011(-0.02; 0.044) 0.002(-0.003; 0.007)
Education 0.0001(-0.00002; 0.0002) 0.005***(0.0026; 0.007) 0.007***(0.004; 0.01) -0.01***(-0.015; 0.0056) -0.002***(-0.003; -0.0008)
Ethnicity (Belorussian/Ukranian) -0.0007(-0.0018; 0.0003) -0.034(-0.069; 0.0009) -0.068(-0.166;0.03) 0.086(-0.02; 0.19) 0.018(-0.01;0.046)
Ethnicity (Caucasus) 0.00006(-0.0006; 0.0007) 0.0025(-0.026; 0.03) 0.003(-0.03;0.04) -0.005(-0.06;0.05) -0.0008(-0.01; 0.008)
Ethnicity (Volga region) -0.0002(-0.001; 0.0006) -0.009(-0.045; 0.026) -0.014(-0.07;0.044) 0.02(-0.06;0.1) 0.003(-0.011; 0.018)
Ethnicity (Middle Asia) -0.0006(-0.002; 0.001) -0.03(-0.1;0.04) -0.059(-0.247;0.13) 0.075(-0.136;0.29) 0.015(-0.037; 0.067)
Ethnicity (Altaians/Buryats/Kalmyks) 0.0006(-0.0015; 0.0026) 0.024(-0.05;0.1) 0.025(-0.038;0.09) -0.043(-0.169;0.08) -0.006(-0.02;0.01)
Ethnicity (Others) 0.0009(-0.0046; 0.0064) 0.038(-0.16;0.24) 0.035(-0.08;0.15) -0.06(-0.35;0.22) -0.009(-0.04;0.026)
Working status (Working) 0.002(-0.0003; 0.004) 0.098***(0.069;0.12) 0.1***(0.076;0.124) -.0177***(-0.2; -0.14) -0.02***(-0.03;-0.014)
Current smoker (yes) 0.0004(-0.0006; 0.0013) 0.015(-0.02;0.053) 0.018(-0.02; 0.057) -0.03(-0.097; 0.038) -0.005(-0.015; 0.005)
Below alcohol norm for females (yes) 0.001(-0.0003; 0.003) 0.06**(0.02;0.1) 0.19(-0.06;0.448) -0.19*(-0.38; -0.014) -0.063(-0.18; 0.0546)
Physically active (yes) 0.0006(-0.0001; 0.001) 0.028***(0.013;0.044) 0.05**(0.017;0.082) -0.067***(-0.1;-0.026) -0.01**(-0.02;0.004)
Sufficient fruits and vegetables consumption (yes) 0.0007(-.0002; 0.0016) 0.03**(0.01;0.049) 0.035***(0.015;0.055) -0.057***(-0.09; -0.02) -0.009***(-0.014; 0.003)
Overall model evaluation Wald test
Chi(2) 400.91
DF 15
P-value p≤0.001
0.1137
  1. *p ≤ 0.05, **p ≤ 0.01, ***p ≤ 0.001.