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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of males and females older than 50 in Russia (SAGE Wave 1: 2007–2010)

From: The relationship between healthy behaviors and health outcomes among older adults in Russia

Characteristics Total Males Females χ2 t p Missing values Missing values Missing values
n = 3938 n = 1404 n = 2534     Total Males Female
Age (years; mean (SD)) 65.067(10.18) 63.786(9.83) 65.778(10.31)   84.15 0.001 585 309 276
Urban (yes) (unadjusted) 75.43%(75.43%) 72.20%(72.20%) 77.41%(77.41%) 15.57   ≤0.001 0 0 0
Marital status (single) (unadjusted) 43.99%(38.3%) 19.74%(16.18%) 57.43%(51.78%) 520.28   ≤0.001 585 309 276
Education (years;mean(SD)) 11.054(3.71) 11.319(3.59) 10.905(3.77)   53.19 0.001 724 350 374
Ethnicity (Russian) (unadjusted) 80.17%(65.94%) 75.45%(58.7%) 82.80%(70.35%) 47.61   ≤0.001 802(overall ethnicity) 380(overall ethnicity) 422(overall ethnicity)
Ethnicity (Belorussian/Ukranian) (unadjusted) 1.80%(1.48%) 1.73%(1.34%) 1.85%(1.57%) 47.61   ≤0.001 - - -
Ethnicity (Caucasus) (unadjusted) 12.14%(9.98%) 16.29%(12.68%) 9.82%(8.34%) 47.61   ≤0.001 - - -
Ethnicity (Volga region) (unadjusted) 3.61%(2.97%) 3.83%(2.98%) 3.48%(2.96%) 47.61   ≤0.001 - - -
Ethnicity (Middle Asia) (unadjusted) 0.59%(0.49%) 0.60%(0.47%) 0.59%(0.5%) 47.61   ≤0.001 - - -
Ethnicity (Altaians/Buryats/Kalmyks) (unadjusted) 1.08%(0.89%) 0.90%(0.7%) 1.17%(1%) 47.61   ≤0.001 - - -
Ethnicity (Others) (unadjusted) 0.62%(0.5%) 1.20%(0.93%) 0.29%(0.25%) 47.61   ≤0.001 - - -
Working status (Working) (unadjusted) 32.78%(28.22%) 40.17%(32.83%) 28.63%(25.41%) 54.1   ≤0.001 629 313 316
Current smoker (yes) (unadjusted) 20.25%(15.38%) 55.12%(33.35%) 5.18%(4.42%) 1100   ≤0.001 1086 676 410
Below alcohol norm for males (yes) (unadjusted) 97.40%(78.62%) 97.40%(78.62%) - -   - 330 330 -
Below alcohol norm for females (yes) (unadjusted) 99.60%(88.74%) - 99.60%(88.74%) -   - 306 - 306
Physically active (yes) (unadjusted) 65.27%(64.79%) 61.14%(60.69%) 67.79%(67.28%) 20.61   ≤0.001 29 11 18
Sufficient fruits and vegetables consumption (yes) (unadjusted) 22.74%(15.85%) 21.79%(13.96%) 23.25%(17%) 0.8661   0.352 1369 615 754
Self-reported health (mean; (SD)) 3.173(0.67) 3.057(0.69) 3.237(0.66)   73.45 ≤0.001 599 315 284