Skip to main content

Table 1 Sample size, characteristics of study subjects and sports facilities per 1,000 population according to indicators of socioeconomic environment a

From: Risk behaviors and sports facilities do not explain socioeconomic differences in childhood obesity: a cross-sectional study

Sample size (n), characteristics of study subjects and sports facilities per 1,000 population Per capita incomeb Percentage of population with university educationb
Quartile 1 Quartile 2 Quartile 3 Quartile 4 p* Quartile 1 Quartile 2 Quartile 3 Quartile 4 p*
n 195 157 187 188   182 178 177 190  
Obesity (%) 8.2 8.3 3.8 2.1 <0.01 8.3 8.4 3.4 2.1 <0.01
Overweight (%) 27.0 33.8 30.1 16.5 <0.05 29.4 34.8 23.0 19.4 <0.01
Mean age (years) 11.0 10.6 11.0 10.9 0.535 11.0 10.8 10.6 11.1 0.265
Girls (%) 49.7 44.9 38.3 48.7 0.522 45.9 45.0 43.6 47.4 0.832
Low educational levelc (%) 60.0 46.2 39.5 23.0 <0.001 64.2 40.7 42.6 22.5 <0.001
Manual occupationc (%) 60.6 51.6 42.9 22.4 <0.001 64.2 45.9 44.3 23.8 <0.001
Physical inactivity (%) 15.4 18.5 10.6 11.9 0.075 16.2 15.6 11.2 12.2 0.138
Low intake of vegetables/fruits (%) 44.3 46.2 34.4 34.8 <0.05 45.8 41.3 33.1 38.6 0.073
No complete breakfast (%) 86.8 85.4 91.5 84.1 0.839 87.3 88.3 87.7 84.9 0.469
Sports facilities/1000 pop. 1.6 1.1 1.6 3.0 <0.001 1.6 1.4 1.4 2.9 <0.001
  1. aBased on per capita income and percentage of population with university education.
  2. bThe categories for per capita income are quartile 1 (<9,724.29 €), quartile 2 (9,724.29-11,149.60 €), quartile 3 (11,149.61-14,548.76), quartile 4 ( >14,548.76€). The categories for percentage with university education are quartile 1 (<14.64 %), quartile 2 (14.64-20.63), quartile 3 (20.64-35.15), quartile 4 (>35.15).
  3. cRefers to educational level and occupation of primary household earner.
  4. *The p value for subject characteristics is based on the chi-square test for trend, and the p value for sports facilities per 1,0000 population is based on linear regression.