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Table 3 Body Mass Indices and Diabetes Distribution by Hypertension Status

From: Prevalence of hypertension and associated cardiovascular risk factors in an urban slum in Nairobi, Kenya: A population-based survey

Variable Hyper-tensive % (n) Normo-tensive % (n) Odds ratio (95% CI) p value Age adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) p value Age-sex adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) p value Age-sex-smoking-alcohol use adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) p value
BMI (n = 2037)           
≥ 30 34.0 (87) 13.8 (245) 4.4 (3.1-6.2) 0.000 3.2 (2.3-4.6) 0.000 3.2 (2.2-4.7) 0.000 2.9 (1.9-4.4) 0.000
>25-29.9 33.6(86) 28.4 (506) 2.1 (1.5-2.9) 0.000 1.7 (1.2-2.4) 0.002 1.7(1.2-2.4) 0.002 1.8(1.2-2.5) 0.003
18.5-25 29.7 (76) 53.0 (943) Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
<18.5 2.7 (7) 4.8 (85) 1.0 (0.5-2.3) 0.956 1.1 (0.5-2.4) 0.883 1.1 (0.5-2.4) 0.884 1.2 (0.5-2.7) 0.745
Waist Circ. (n = 2032)           
Elevated 39.6 (101) 18.9 (335) 2.8 (2.1-3.7) 0.000 2.1 (1.6-2.8) 0.000 2.4 (1.6-3.5) 0.000 2.4 (1.6-3.6) 0.000
Normal 60.4 (154) 81.1 (1440) Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
Waist Hip Ratio (n 2027)           
High 22.0 (56) 12.0 (212) 2.1 (1.5-2.9) 0.000 1.6 (1.1-2.2) 0.012 1.4 (1.0-2.1) 0.074 1.3 (0.8-2.0) 0.273
Normal 78.0 (198) 88.0 (1559) Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
Diabetes 14.0 (36) 1.7 (30) 9.5 (5.7- 15.7) 0.000 5.1 (3.0-8.7) 0.000 4.9 (2.9-8.5) 0.000 4.4 (2.4-8.3) 0.000
No Diabetes 86.0 (222) 98.3 (1758) Ref   Ref   Ref   Ref  
  1. BMI = body mass index. Categories: ≥30 Obese; >25-29.9 Over-weight <18.5 Under-weight.
  2. Waist Circ = Waist Circumference. Categories: Elevated Male >102 cm; Female >88 cm.
  3. Waist Hip Ratio High: >0.90 males and 0.80 in females.