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Table 2 Knowledge of the tuberculosis disease by the TB patients at baseline

From: Strengthening contact tracing capacity of pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Enugu, southeast Nigeria: a targeted and focused health education intervention study

Knowledge about TB disease Study group Control group Chi-square P-value 95% CI
  N = 176(%) N = 172 (%)    
Causes:      
Bacteria 76(43.2) 55(32.0) 4.65 0.031 -8.6 - 31.0
Evil Spirit 20(11.4) 13(7.6) 1.47 0.226 -8.2 - 15.8
Food poisoning 39(22.4 18(10.5) 8.69 0.003 -3.2 - 26.9
Mode of transmission:      
Airborne 77(43.8) 55(32.0) 5.12 0.024 -8.0 - 31.6
Patients to contact 124(70.5) 68(39.5) 33.63 0.000 11 - 50.5
Consume infected cow milk 71(40.3) 26(15.1) 27.53 0.000 7.5 - 42.9
Waterborne 32(18.2) 52(30.2) 6.90 0.001 5.5 - 29.5
food borne 33(18.8) 28(16.3) 0.37 0.544 -13.2 - 18.2
Risk factors:      
Crowded conditions 111(65.3) 37(21.5) 61.46 0.000 25.5 - 62.1
Poor housing 110(62.5) 38(22.1) 58.11 0.000 21.9 - 58.9
Smoking 107(60.8) 77(44.8) 8.97 0.003 -4.3 - 36.3
Alcohol 87(49.4) 77(44.8) 0.76 0.383 -15.9 - 25.1
Malnutrition 85(48.3) 37(21.5) 27.41 0.000 7.98 - 45.6
Poverty 66(37.5) 50(29.1) 2.78 0.095 -10.9 - 27.7
Age 36(20.5) 30(17.4) 0.51 0.474 -13.0 - 19.2
Methods of TB control:      
Cough etiquette 153(86.9) 80(46.5) 64.23 0.000 22.8 - 57.9
Early diagnosis and treatment 130(73.9) 83(48.3) 24.02 0. 000 7.2 - 44.9
Increasing natural ventilation 134(76.1) 65(37.8) 52.24 0.000 19.5 -57.1
Nutritional improvement 132(75.0) 73(42.4) 38.09 0.000 13.5 - 51.8
Immunization with BCG 123(69.9) 77(44.8) 22.46 0.000 5.4 -44.8