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Table 3 Socio-demographic factors, recent indicators of behavioural risk and perceptions of HIV associated with reporting ever testing amongst men and women

From: Characteristics of sexually experienced HIV testers aged 18 to 32 in rural South Africa: baseline results from a community-based trial, NIMH Project Accept (HPTN 043)

    Men N = 923   Women N = 1332  
   Characteristic Test % (n = 170) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR* (95% CI) LRT p value Test % (n = 619) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR** (95% CI) LRT p value
Demographics Age 18-20 years 15 1 1 0.01 27 1 1 <0.001
   21-24 years 29 2.21 (1.33-3.69) 1.67 (0.96-2.93)   29 1.07 (0.79-1.45) 0.86 (0.62-1.21)  
   25-28 years 25 2.95 (1.74-5.00) 2.02 (1.10-3.71)   22 0.75 (0.55-1.02) 0.55 (0.39-0.69)  
   29-32 years 31 4.02 (2.40-6.73) 2.69 (1.46-4.94)   23 0.67 (0.49-0.91) 0.48 (0.33-0.69)  
  Socio-economic status Low 34 0.85 (0.59-1.22)    38 1.13 (0.89-1.42)   
  Medium 51 1    50 1   
  High 15 1.04 (0.63-1.71)    11 0.91 (0.64-1.28)   
  Years of education < 7 years 5 0.54 (0.26-1.13)    11 1.26 (0.88-1.82)   
  8-10 years 24 0.67 (0.45-0.99)    27 1.24 (0.96-1.60)   
   11-12 years 62 1    57 1   
   Tertiary 8 1.78 (0.91-3.46)    5 1.35 (0.79-2.31)   
  Occupation Employed 38 1 1 0.06 21 1 1 <0.001
   Unemployed 48 0.94 (0.65-1.36) 1.03 (0.71-1.51)   63 1.45 (1.12-1.89) 1.26 (0.96-1.66)  
   Student 14 0.31 (0.19-0.51) 0.53 (0.29-0.96)   15 1.02 (0.72-1.44) 0.77 (0.51-1.16)  
  Income from work Yes 66 1    41 1   
  No 34 0.70 (0.49-0.98)    59 1.15 (0.92-1.43)   
  Children under care 0 62 1    18 1 1 <0.001
  1 20 1.50 (0.97-2.33)    34 1.06 (1.52-2.78) 2.11 (1.55-2.88)  
  2+ 18 1.08 (0.69-1.69)    48 1.83 (1.38-2.43) 2.00 (1.49-2.69)  
  Cohabiting Living apart 75 1    67 1   
   No partner 18 0.63 (0.41-0.97)    17 0.86 (0.65-1.15)   
   Cohabiting 6 1.11 (0.55-2.22)    16 1.18 (0.87-1.61)   
Behaviour indicative of increased risk for HIV & Perceptions of HIV No. of lifetime partners 1 partner 8 0.57 (0.31-1.07)    35 0.82 (0.53-1.26)   
2 partners 39 0.36 (0.20-0.67)    28 0.70 (0.45-1.08)   
   3-4 partners 20 0.57 (0.37-0.87)    28 0.80 (0.51-1.24)   
   5 + partners 65 1    9 1   
  Age at first sex < 15 years 33 0.97 (0.64-1.45)    16 1.35 (0.97-1.88)   
   16-17 years 32 0.76 (0.51-1.15)    36 1.02 (0.81-1.29)   
   18 < years 35 1    49 1   
  Lifetime alcohol Yes 76 1    31 1   
   No 24 1.34 (0.90-1.99)    69 0.85 (0.67-1.08)   
  Lifetime drugs Yes 31 1.02 (0.71-1.47)    2 1.63 (0.72-3.69)   
   No 69 1    98 1   
Ever discussion about HIV No 10 1 1 <0.001 87 1 1 <0.001
Yes 90 2.83 (1.67-4.80) 2.83 (1.63-4.89)   13 3.34 (2.53-4.42) 3.36 (2.50-4.53)  
Social norms for testing Unfavourable 27 1.40 (0.90-2.19)    31 0.93 (0.70-1.22)   
Intermediate 44 1.32 (0.89-1.96)    40 1.14 (0.87-1.48)   
  Favourable 29 1    29 1   
  Stigma Score Low 22 1.22 (0.78-1.90)    34 0.87 (0.67-1.14)   
   Intermediate 38 1.08 (0.74-1.57)    34 0.91 (0.69-1.19)   
   High 40 1    32 1   
  Perception of ART Not heard of ART 21 1    22 1 1 <0.001
  Low 36 2.20 (1.40-3.46)    28 1.43 (1.06-1.92) 1.18 (0.86-1.63)  
  Medium 22 1.68 (1.02-2.76)    19 1.28 (0.93-1.77) 1.00 (0.71-1.41)  
   High 21 1.75 (1.05-2.90)    31 2.03 (1.50-2.74) 1.63 (1.17-2.26)  
  1. *Model is adjusted for Age, Occupation, and Report of a discussion about HIV.
  2. **Model is adjusted for Age, Occupation, Children under care, Report of a discussion about HIV and Perception of ART.
  3. Bold indicates Significant at the 95% confidence level.