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Table 1 Sample characteristics (N = 2255) of sexually debuted 18–32 year olds

From: Characteristics of sexually experienced HIV testers aged 18 to 32 in rural South Africa: baseline results from a community-based trial, NIMH Project Accept (HPTN 043)

Characteristic Male % (N = 923) Female % (N = 1332) p-values
Testing Ever testing Yes 18 46 <0.001*
   No 82 54  
  Recent testing Yes 7 17 0.41
   No 93 83  
  Repeat testing Yes 8 26 <0.001*
   No 92 74  
Demographics Age 18-20 years 31 25 <0.001*
   21-24 years 29 26  
   25-28 years 20 24  
   29-32 years 20 26  
  Household or individual Socio-economic status Low 37 37 0.47
  Medium 49 51  
  High 14 12  
  Years of education < 7 years 8 10 0.02*
   8-10 years 30 25  
   11-12 years 57 60  
   Tertiary 5 4  
  Occupation Employed 39 24 <0.001*
   Unemployed 32 59  
   Student 29 17  
  Income from work Yes 60 43 <0.001*
   No 40 57  
  Children under care 0 67 24 <0.001*
   1 15 31  
   2+ 18 45  
  Cohabiting Living apart 25 18 <0.001*
   No partner 70 67  
   Cohabiting 6 15  
Behaviour indicative of increased risk for HIV & perceptions of HIV No. of lifetime partners 1 partner 10 34 <0.001*
  2 partners 14 30  
   3-4 partners 25 28  
   5+ partners 51 8  
  Age at first sex < 15 years 31 14 <0.001*
   16-17 years 37 36  
   18 + years 32 50  
  Lifetime alcohol Yes 80 29 <0.001*
   No 20 71  
  Lifetime drugs Yes 30 2 <0.001*
   No 70 98  
  Recent condom use No partner 26 22 <0.001*
   Never 26 37  
  Sometimes 20 17  
  Always 28 25  
Ever discussion about HIV No 21 24 0.11
  Yes 79 76  
Social norms for testing Unfavourable 24 33 <0.001*
   Intermediate 42 38  
   Favourable 34 29  
  Stigma score Low 20 35 <0.001*
   Intermediate 37 34  
   High 42 30  
  Perception of ART Not heard of ART 32 27 0.003*
   Low 38 27  
   Medium 21 20  
   High 19 26  
  1. *Significant at the 95% confidence level.
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