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Table 3 Categories of workers for whom high exposure to occupational bladder carcinogens has generally been established without specific epidemiological studies on the risk of bladder cancer in these groups of workers

From: Medical follow-up for workers exposed to bladder carcinogens: the French evidence-based and pragmatic statement

Targeted occupational group (main references) Position Level of risk after analysis of the literature* Period of exposure
Research laboratory workers [161]-[167] Genetic engineering, nuclear biology, mutagenesis and cancerogenesis laboratories, weighing activities, use of reagents and synthetic intermediates* Insufficient data to establish risk level To the present day
Road surfacing workers [125]-[128] Asphalt spreaders, gritters, compactors Insufficient data to establish risk level Up to the late 1980s
Workers using coal-tar creosotes [112],[168]-[170] Workers conducting specific wood treatment activities Insufficient data to establish risk level To the present day
Calcium carbide production workers [171] Production workers* Insufficient data to establish risk level Up to the mid 2000s
Shale oil extraction workers [172] Shale oil extraction workers Insufficient data to establish risk level To the present day
Carbon black production workers [50],[173]-[176] Manufacturing workers* Insufficient data to establish risk level To the present day
Carbon electrode manufacturing workers [177]-[179] Manufacturing workers* Insufficient data to establish risk level To the present day
Coke manufacturing workers [125]-[128],[180]-[186] Cokers Insufficient data to establish risk level To the present day
Carbon nut industry [187] Manufacturing workers* Insufficient data to establish risk level To the present day
Carbon disc manufacturing [188] Manufacturing* and maintenance workers Insufficient data to establish risk level To the present day
Clay pigeon manufacturing [188] Manufacturing workers* Insufficient data to establish risk level To the present day
Cement oven repair [188] Manufacturing workers* Insufficient data to establish risk level To the present day
Work on water conveyance conducts coated with varnish containing HAP [188] Technicians/repair workers* Insufficient data to establish risk level To the present day
Glazing in aluminium foundries [188] Glazers Insufficient data to establish risk level To the present day
  1. *After detailed assessment of specific exposure to carcinogenic agents.