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Table 1 Weighted prevalence of study sample demographics, covariates, child maltreatment and blood pressure status, Add Health study N = 11384

From: Child maltreatment and hypertension in young adulthood

  Men (N =5355) Women (N =6029)  
  Mean/% (SE) Mean/% (SE) p-value
Age (Mean) 29.01 (0.04) 28.86 (0.03) 0.0040
Race/Ethnicity    0.1789
 White 66.00 (0.88) 66.34 (0.80)  
 African American 14.79 (0.65) 16.16 (0.57)  
 Hispanic 12.20 (0.60) 11.36 (0.58)  
 Other race/ethnicity 7.01 (0.45) 6.14 (0.39)  
Highest education level    < 0.0001
 Less than high School 9.73 (0.58) 6.96 (0.48)  
 High School graduate 24.46 (0.84) 16.87 (0.67)  
 Some college 37.84 (0.90) 41.41 (0.86)  
 College or graduate education 27.97 (0.83) 34.76 (0.82)  
Depressive symptoms 13.53 (0.67) 19.26 (0.71) <0.0001
Hypertension 1 28.39 (0.85) 14.14 (0.60) <0.0001
Physical activity 2 57.16 (0.93) 50.26 (0.87) <0.0001
Current daily smoking 3 26.56 (0.47) 22.37 (0.38) 0.0002
Obesity (BMI >30) 35.81 (0.90) 38.03 (0.85) 0.070
Alcohol use 4 54.01 (0.94) 57.78 (0.86) 0.0030
Child maltreatment    
Neglect 14.02 (0.67) 8.41 (0.47) <0.0001
Physical 28.33 (0.85) 26.75 (0.76) 0.1635
Sexual 4.53 (0.41) 4.73(0.36) 0.7242
Social service investigation of the family 4.00 (0.37) 4.68 (0.36) 0.1881
  1. 1Hypertension was defined as having an elevated systolic blood pressure > = 140 mmHg or diastolic > = 90 mmHg or reported using antihypertensive medications.
  2. 2Physical activity defined as 5 or more bouts of moderate to rigorous physical activity per week.
  3. 3Current daily smoking defined as smoking at least one cigarette per day in the past 30 days.
  4. 4Alcohol use defined consuming more than two drinks at one sitting for men and among women, as consuming more than one drink per sitting.