Skip to main content

Table 2 Association between stunting, underweight and various characteristics, IHS-2 data

From: Seasonal variation of child under nutrition in Malawi: is seasonal food availability an important factor? Findings from a national level cross-sectional study

Variable % stunted Chi square P Value % underweight Chi square P Value N
Interviewed March to August 52.0 <0.001 13.8 <0.01 4,012
Interviewed September to February 47.2   11.0   2,675
Participates in a Nutrition Intervention 59.9 <0.01 25.1 <0.001 226
Does not 49.6   12.2   6,452
Participates in under-five clinic 49.8 0.59 13.9 <0.001 4,137
Does not 50.5   10.8   2,543
Child characteristics      
Male 52.5 <0.001 14.5 <0.001 3,279
Female 47.6   11.0   3,408
Child was ill 50.5 0.56 14.0 0.02 2,661
Child was not ill 49.8   11.9   4,026
Household characteristics      
Has a toilet facility 50.6 <0.001 12.1 0.09 4,216
No toilet 55.1   12.5   760
Missing 46.4   14.3   1,711
Has piped or protected water source 49.4 <0.001 10.9 <0.001 3,333
Neither piped nor protected water source 55.2   14.6   1,610
Missing 46.5   14.2   1,711
Has permanent roof and improved floor 41.8 <0.001 7.0 <0.001 812
Has either a permanent roof or an improved floor 49.9   9.1   485
No permanent roof and no improved floor 53.5   13.6   3,686
Missing 46.3   14.3   1,704
Household is poor 51.1 0.04 13.4 0.08 3,710
Household is not poor 48.3   11.8   2,977
Household head qualification      
No qualification 53.2 <0.001 13.3 <0.001 3,693
Primary school certificate 48.2   9.9   570
Junior secondary school or higher 43.2   7.7   715
Missing 46.4   14.2   1,709
Location characteristics      
Northern region 47.9 <0.001 11.7 0.09 1,093
Central region 53.2   13.7   2,645
Southern region 47.7   12.0   2,949
Urban 46.6 0.07 11.3 0.28 713
Rural 50.4   12.8   5,974