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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of the study population by selected variables

From: Health effects of single motherhood on children in sub-Saharan Africa: a cross-sectional study

Variable Nigeria Cameroon DRC
  (n = 28,100) (n = 11,748) (n = 8,999)
Stunted 40.56 31.96 44.48
Child died 11.12 8.77 11.00
Marital Status    
Married 93.95 72.72 79.69
Living together 1.74 15.64 9.93
Never married 1.66 6.26 2.36
Widowed 1.11 1.25 1.22
Divorced 0.72 0.91 1.19
Separated 0.82 3.22 5.61
Maternal Education    
No education 46.52 28.59 23.52
Primary 23.21 39.48 41.90
Secondary 24.90 28.92 33.71
Higher 5.38 3.01 0.87
Place of residence    
Urban 29.75 42.22 38.78
Rural 70.25 57.78 61.22
Occupation    
Prof/clerical 3.67 1.81 2.12
Not working 30.38 25.79 21.96
Sales/services 37.38 24.33 17.69
Agriculture 17.35 33.68 54.65
Manual/others 11.22 14.39 3.58
Wealth Index    
Poorest 23.22 23.65 20.82
Poorer 22.76 21.64 22.61
Middle 19.28 20.00 20.71
Richer 17.80 19.01 20.49
Riches 16.94 15.70 15.37
Sibsize    
1-2 35.45 39.40 36.67
3-5 35.84 33.45 29.63
5+ 28.71 27.14 33.70
Prenatal care    
No visits 40.04 14.62 12.95
<4 visits 10.59 22.54 38.34
>4 visits 49.37 62.84 48.72
Breastfeeding    
Never breastfed 4.27 4.58 6.00
Still breastfeeding 32.45 30.48 37.64
< 6 months 2.21 2.64 1.97
6-12 months 12.69 17.55 9.07
1-2 years 47.27 42.48 39.67
2+ years 1.11 2.27 5.65
Birth interval    
< 2 years 23.78 21.15 24.48
2+ years 76.22 78.85 74.52
Body Mass Index    
Normal (18.50-24.99) 66.22 61.70 74.09
Thin (<18.50) 11.26 7.54 13.80
Obese (>25.00) 22.52 30.76 12.11