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Table 2 Perceptions of dengue control from survey respondents (n = households)

From: A social-ecological analysis of community perceptions of dengue fever and Aedes aegypti in Machala, Ecuador

  Peripheral area (n = 39) Central area (n = 40) p value
Challenges to vector control in the household      
No challenges 17 44% 20 50% 0.73
Lack of informationA 7 18% 0 0% 0.005
Economic factors 14 36% 10 25% 0.419
Lack of timeA 5 13% 3 8% 0.481
Too many mosquitoesA 1 3% 2 5% 1
Other: lack of concern, health issues, type of housing 5 13% 17 43%  
Role of the government in dengue control      
Chemical control 26 67% 21 53% 0.292
Public health education 11 28% 10 25% 0.946
Public utilities & services 19 49% 8 20% 0.014
Increase community interactions 7 18% 8 20% 1
Other: distribute mosquito nets, cut vegetation, chlorinate drinking water 4 10% 1 3%  
Role of the community in dengue control      
Become more united 18 46% 15 38% 0.793
Take preventative action in their own households 12 31% 15 38% 0.694
Ask for help from authorities 12 31% 7 18% 0.264
Organize community clean ups (mingas)A 4 10% 3 8% 0.713
Other: educate each other, can’t do anything, don’t know 2 5% 5 12%  
  1. p values ≤0.05 indicate significant differences between the study areas; values were calculated using Pearson’s Chi-squared test with Yates continuity correction, unless otherwise indicated.
  2. A p values calculated by Fisher’s Exact Test. Indicates multiple responses.