Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic information of survey respondents (n = households)

From: A social-ecological analysis of community perceptions of dengue fever and Aedes aegypti in Machala, Ecuador

  Peripheral area (n = 39) Central area (n = 40) p value
Number of people in surveyed households 170 162  
People with self-reported previous dengue infection (% of people in surveyed households) 33 19% 32 20% 1
People with previous dengue infection who sought medical care (% of infected people) A 25 76% 30 94% 0.082
Young family (mean age <35) 30 77% 20 50% 0.025
Female head of household 10 26% 12 30% 0.856
Head of household with post-secondary education 9 24% 12 32% 0.608
Head of household immigrated for work in the past 2 years 5 13% 8 20% 0.613
Head of household is currently employed or seeking workA 36 92% 34 85% 0.481
Access to sewerageA 30 77% 40 100% 0.002
Access to municipal garbage collectionA 33 85% 40 100% 0.011
Piped water inside the house 20 51% 35 88% 0.001
Daily or weekly interruptions in the piped water supplyA 15 39% 3 8% 0.001
Water storage in cisterns or covered elevated tanksA 25 66% 37 95% 0.001
Water stored in other containers 21 54% 9 23% 0.008
  1. p values ≤0.05 indicate significant differences between the study areas; values were calculated using Pearson’s Chi-squared test with Yates continuity correction, unless otherwise indicated.
  2. A p values calculated by Fisher’s Exact Test.