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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of 762 children under-5 years from 557 unique households

From: Impact of implementing performance-based financing on childhood malnutrition in Rwanda

Variable Count (%)*
Child characteristic
Age  
 0-5 months 81 (11.4)
 6-11 months 62 (8.7)
 12-23 months 117 (16.4)
 24-35 months 152 (21.3)
 36-47 months 146 (20.5)
 48-60 months 155 (21.7)
Sex  
 Male 351 (49.2)
 Female 362 (50.8)
Health insurance  
 No 146 (20.7)
 Yes 558 (79.3)
HIV status  
 Negative 676 (94.9)
 Positive 36 (5.1)
Recent illness  
 No 489 (68.7)
 Yes 223 (31.3)
Performance-based financing  
 Lives in Phase II district 235 (42.0)
 Lives in Phase 0 district 89 (16.0)
 Lives in Phase I district 233 (42.0)
Outcome measure
Weight-for-age (Underweight)  
 <−2 SD 157 (22.7)
 ≥ − 2 SD 535 (77.3)
Height-for-age (Stunting)  
 <−2 SD 356 (57.9)
 ≥ − 2 SD 259 (42.1)
Weight-for-height (Wasting)  
 <−2 SD 56 (9.0)
 ≥ − 2 SD 569 (91.0)
  1. *Totals do not necessarily add to total sample size given that missing values were generated if Z-scores were grater than 5 in magnitude.
  2. SD: Standard deviation.