Skip to main content

Table 5 Self-reported dietary and exercise behaviourat Baseline and 4 months in intervention and control group students

From: Childhood obesity management shifting from health care system to school system: intervention study of school-based weight management programme

  Intervention group Control group P value1
(n =43) (n =29)
Percentage Percentage
baseline 4 months Change baseline 4 months Change
(95% CI) (95% CI)
Fruit and vegetables        
 Fruit ≥1 serve/day 40 42 +2 (-25 to 3) 55 55 0.0 (-38 to 38) 1.000
 Vegetables ≥2 serves/day 35 44 +9 (-17 to 36) 31 21 -10 (-36 to 16) 0.481
High fat food        
 Processed meat ≥4 times 29 12 -17 (-35 to 2) 24 38 +14 (-42 to 14) 0.118
 Deep fried food ≥4 times 19 7 -12 (-26 to 3) 7 10 +3 (-12 to 19) 0.227
 Crisp ≥4 times 12 2 -9 (-20 to 2) 3 10 +7 (-6 to 20) 0.219
High sugar food and beverage        
 Sugary beverage ≥4 times 33 21 -12 (-33 to 10) 35 24 -10 (-38 to 17) 0.302
 Dessert ≥4 times 9 0 -9 (-18 to -1) 3 7 +4 (-8 to 15) 0.453
 Sweet or chocolate ≥4 times 14 7 -7 (-20 to 7) 3 7 +4 (-8 to 15) 0.508
Self-control        
 Avoid overeating 14 28 +14 (-5 to 33) 24 24 0.0 (-25 to 25) 0.146
Exercise        
30-mins light intensity exercise ≥3 days 24 29 +5 (-17 to 27) 45 41 -3 (-37 to 3) 0.774
60-min moderate intensity exercise ≥3 days 31 33 +2 (-22 to 27) 28 35 +7 (-22 to 35) 1.000
20-min aerobic exercise ≥3 days# 41 45 +5 (-23 to 33) 45 31 -14 (-45 to 18) 0.804
Strengthening exercise ≥3 days# 12 26 +14 (-4 to 32) 7 21 +14 (-5 to 32) 0.109
I like exercise 61 91 +30 (-5 to 66) 62 69 +7 (-35 to 46) 0.002*
I have excuses for not doing exercise 14 9 -5 (-19 to 10) 7 17 +10 (-7 to 28) 0.727
I am fear of sport injury 19 12 -7 (-23 to 9) 7 10 +3 (-12 to 19) 0.375
  1. 1P-values are for the change between 3 and 6 months by the McNemar’s Test.
  2. Italic highlights the effect size in opposite direction or statistical significance at level of P 0.05*.