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Table 3 Average minutes of daily physical activity by intensity and parenthood status for men

From: The impact of parenthood on Canadians’ objectively measured physical activity: an examination of cross-sectional population-based data

   Intensity
   Sedentary Light MVPA
Variable n Mean (95% CI) Mean (95% CI) Mean (95% CI)
Parent of a dependent child under 16 years     
 No 589 579.4 (567.2, 593.6) 230.6 (218.6, 243.1) 27.5 (23.5, 31.8)
 Yes 440 573.4 (565.0, 582.6) 265.7*** (258.0, 273.0) 24.1 (22.2, 26.5)
ANCOVA p-value   .212 .000 .599
 Effect size (η 2)   .002 .016 .000
Number of children under 16 in home     
 None 589 579.4 (567.2, 593.6) 230.6 (218.6, 243.1) 27.5 (23.5, 31.8)
 1 125 582.3 (547.8, 610.7) 249.2 (223.0, 271.4) 23.7 (17.5, 32.4)
 2 231 567.7 (552.2, 585.0) 267.1*** (252.3, 282.1) 21.9 (19.1, 25.2)
 3 or more 84 568.7 (548.7, 592.7) 257.6 (237.0, 281.0) 20.4 (17.7, 24.6)
ANCOVA p-value   .314 .000 .800
 Effect size (η 2)   .003 .018 .001
Age of youngest child in home     
 0 (no children) 589 579.4 (567.2, 593.6) 230.6 (218.6, 243.1) 26.4 (22.9, 30.3)
 <6 264 563.0 (544.1, 581.2) 270.4*** (255.6, 287.7) 20.2* (16.4, 24.6)
 6-11 150 580.1 (564.3, 597.2) 252.0 (235.9, 269.1) 28.3 (23.6, 33.1)
 12-15 26 594.7 (553.9, 625.8) 233.11 (199.1, 269.2) 35.5 (22.7, 53.0)
ANCOVA p-value   .404 .000 .000
 Effect size (η 2)   .003 .019 .019
  1. Note. Asterisks signify significant post-hoc differences (Bonferroni corrected) between respondents in the target category and those without children. ANCOVAs controlled for age, body mass index, marital status, education, ethnicity, income adequacy, and self-rated health. All estimates rounded to one decimal point based on Statistics Canada’s rounding guidelines in order to avoid implying greater precision than actually exists. CI = Confidence interval. MVPA = moderate-to-vigorous physical activity.
  2. * p < .05. *** p < .001.