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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of the sample, by gender and parenthood status

From: The impact of parenthood on Canadians’ objectively measured physical activity: an examination of cross-sectional population-based data

  Women (n =1205) Men (n =1029)
  Parent of at least one dependent child Parent of at least one dependent child
  No (n =619) Yes (n =586) No (n =589) Yes (n =440)
  n % (95% CI) n % (95% CI) n % (95% CI) n % (95% CI)
Age (years)a         
 18-34 191 30.9 (27.1, 34.6) 205 35.0 (31.2, 38.7) 194 32.9 (29,0,36.7) 115 26.1 (22.3, 29.8)
 35-49 133 21.5* (17.9, 24.9) 358 61.1 (57.2, 65.0) 137 23.3* (20.0, 26.5) 291 66.1 (61.8, 70.4)
 50-64 295 47.7* (43.8, 2.0) 23 3.9 (2.6, 5.6) 258 43.8* (39.7, 47.7) 34 7.7 (5.2, 10.2)
Marital status         
 Single/divorced/separated/widowed 318 51.4* (47.3, 55.4) 94 16.0 (13.1, 19.1) 325 55.2* (51.1, 58.9) 14 3.2 (1.6, 4.8)
 Married/common-law 301 48.6* (44.6, 52.7) 492 84.0 (80.9, 86.9) 264 44.8* (41.1, 48.9) 426 96.8 (95.2, 98.4)
Education (highest achieved)         
 < Secondary 63 10.2 (7.9, 12.8) 37 6.3 (4.6, 8.4) 66 11.2 (8.8, 14.1) 33 7.5 (5.2, 10.0)
 Secondary school diploma 107 17.3 (14.5, 20.2) 66 11.3 (8.9, 13.8) 92 15.6 (12.7, 18.7) 60 13.6 (10.7, 17.0)
 Some post-secondary 73 11.8* (9.2, 14.4) 37 6.3 (4.4, 8.4) 86 14.6* (11.7, 17.7) 19 4.3 (2.7, 6.4)
 Post-secondary graduate 376 60.7* (57.0, 64.8) 446 76.1 (72.7, 79.5) 345 58.6* (54.3, 62.3) 328 74.5 (70.0, 78.4)
Income adequacy         
 Lowest income 37 6.0 (4.2, 7.9) 40 6.8 (4.9, 8.9) 31 5.3 (3.6, 7.0) 10 2.3 (0.9, 3.9)
 Lower middle 80 12.9 (10.5, 16.0) 79 13.5 (10.9, 16.4) 63 10.7 (8.3, 13.4) 46 10.5 (8.0, 13.4)
 Upper middle 198 32.0 (28.3, 35.7) 182 31.1. (27.1, 35.0) 170 28.9 (25.0, 32.8) 125 28.4 (24.3, 32.7)
 Highest income 304 49.1 (45.2, 53.3) 285 48.6 (44.9, 52.9) 325 55.2 (50.9, 59.3) 259 58.9 (54.3, 63.6)
Ethnicity         
 White 511 82.6 (79.3, 85.5) 456 77.8 (74.4, 80.9) 485 82.3 (79.1, 85.6) 352 80.0 (76.1, 84.1)
 Other 108 17.4 (14.5, 20.7) 130 22.2 (19.1, 25.6) 104 17.7 (14.4, 20.9) 88 20.0 (15.9, 23.9)
Self-rated health         
 Poor/fair 63 10.2* (8.1, 12.6) 25 4.3 (2.7, 6.1) 63 10.7* (8.3, 13.2) 18 4.1 (2.3, 6.1)
 Good 227 36.7 (33.1, 40.4) 204 34.8 (31.2, 38.4) 201 34.1 (30.2, 37.9) 150 34.1 (29.8, 38.6)
 Very good 245 39.6 (35.4, 43.5) 245 41.8 (37.5, 45.7) 218 37.0 (32.9, 40.9) 201 45.7 (40.9, 50.4)
 Excellent 84 13.6 (10.8, 16.3) 112 19.1 (16.0, 22.4) 107 18.2 (15.1, 21.4) 71 16.1 (12.7, 19.5)
BMI classificationa         
 Normal or underweight 286 46.2 (42.0, 50.1) 295 50.3 (46.2, 54.8) 208 35.2 (31.4, 39.4) 122 27.7 (23.4, 31.8)
 Overweight 178 28.8 (25.0, 32.5) 167 28.5 (25.1, 32.1) 246 41.8 (37.5, 45.7) 204 46.4 (41.8, 51.1)
 Obese 155 25.0 (21.6, 28.6) 124 21.2 (17.9, 24.6) 135 22.9 (19.9, 26.5) 114 25.9 (21.6, 30.2)
  1. Note. BMI = body mass index (weight in kilograms divided by height in metres squared) aAge and BMI are presented as categorical variables for descriptive purposes only. For covariate purposes, these variables were continuous.
  2. *Significantly different from respondents of the same gender with children (p < .05).