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Table 5 Frequency of maternal obesity and child undernutrition by country in DHS surveys

From: The double burden household in sub-Saharan Africa: maternal overweight and obesity and childhood undernutrition from the year 2000: results from World Health Organization Data (WHO) and Demographic Health Surveys (DHS)

  Obese mom/child UW Obese mother/stunted child Obese mother/wasted child
  Percentage (%) Percentage (%) Percentage (%)
Benin 2004 0.18 1.64 .00
Burkina Faso 2003 0.00 0.84 .20
Cameroon 2004 - - -
Congo 2005 0.42 1.51 0.33
Gabon 2000 0.47 1.18 0.18
Ghana 2003 2.75 2.88 0.51
Ghana 2008 0.58 0.74 0.31
Guinea 2003 0.38 0.25 0.37
Kenya 2003 1.15 1.67 0.32
Kenya 2008 - - -
Lesotho 2004 2.12 4.86 0.68
Lesotho 2009 1.66 4.35 0.28
Liberia 2007 0.83 1.31 0.17
Madagascar 2003 0.10 0.13 0.00
Malawi 2000 0.17 0.52 0.00
Mali 2001 0.40 0.48 0.15
Mali 2006 0.88 1.01 0.51
Mozambique 2003 0.16 0.35 0.00
Namibia 2007 1.35 1.89 0.51
Niger 2008 0.37 0.54 0.11
Nigeria 2003 0.73 1.51 0.59
Nigeria 2008 1.08 1.81 0.63
Rwanda 2000 0.24 0.49 0.00
Sao Tome 2009 2.38 4.29 1.31
Senegal 2005 0.51 0.69 0.30
Sierra Leone 2006 2.22 2.89 1.00
Swaziland 2006 9.50 4.47 4.30
Tanzania 2005 2.90 0.66 0.11
Tanzania 2010 4.90 0.81 0.00
Uganda 2006 0.44 0.69 0.10
Zambia 2002 0.23 0.57 0.00
Zambia 2007 0.34 0.94 0.00
Zimbabwe 2005 0.46 1.37 0.23
Mean all countries: 0.50 0.98 0.24
Mean urban: 0.92 1.79 0.50
Mean some secondary 0.93 1.46 0.59
Education:    
  1. Maternal obesity defined as having a BMI ≥30 m/kg2. Child stunting was defined as having a height-for-age Z score < -2 SD, underweight (UW) was having a weight-for-age Z score < -2 SD and wasting was having a weight-for-height Z score < -2SD.