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Table 5 Multivariate analysis effects of fuels used for cooking on ARI prevalence in children in Addis Ababa, February 2012

From: Association of biomass fuel use with acute respiratory infections among under- five children in a slum urban of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Variables No. of children with ARI (n = 422) Crude OR(95% CI) Adjusted OR(95% CI)
Yes No
Fuel type     
Biomass fuel 76 178 3.98(1.88, 8.24) 2.96(1.38, 3.87)
Kerosene 16 60 2.46(1.02, 5.94) 1.96(0.78, 4.89)
Clean fuels* 9 83 1.0 1.0
Sex     
Male 58 227 0.56(0.35, 0.89) 0.59(0.36,0.96)
Female* 43 94 1.0 1.0
Smoke     
Yes 22 40 1.96(1.10,3.49) 2.05(1.11, 3.78)
No* 79 281 1.0 1.0
Ventilation     
Yes* 16 101 1.0 1.0
No 84 220 2.41(1.34,4.32) 2.09(1.13,3.87)
Child holding during cooking     
Yes 51 113 1.88(1.19, 2.95) 1.78(1.09, 2.87)
No* 50 208 1.0 1.0
  1. *reference category.