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Table 2 Bivariate analysis of household characteristics on ARI prevalence in children in Addis Ababa, February 2012

From: Association of biomass fuel use with acute respiratory infections among under- five children in a slum urban of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Variables No. of children with ARI (n = 422) Crude OR(95%CI)
Yes No
Sex of household head    
Male 58 227 0.56(0.35, 0.89)
Female 43 94 1.0
Family size*    
less than five 54 167 1.0
Five and above 47 154 1.06(0.68, 1.66)
Educational level    
Illiterate 17 35 2.22(0.99, 5.03)
Read and write 10 25 1.83(0.72, 4.65)
Primary 24 78 1.40(0.67,2.94)
Secondary 36 119 1.38(0.70, 2.75)
Diploma and above* 14 64 1.0
Cigarettes smoke    
Yes 22 40 1.96(1.10,3.49)
No* 79 281 1.0
Holding child at backduring cooking    
Yes 51 113 1.88(1.19, 2.95)
No* 50 208 1.0
  1. *reference category.