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Table 6 Factors associated with sanitary pad use during menstruation, Northeast Ethiopia, 2013 (n = 455)

From: Menstrual hygiene management and school absenteeism among female adolescent students in Northeast Ethiopia

Variables Disposable sanitary napkin use Crude odds ratio (95% C.I.) Adjusted odds ratio (95% C.I.)
No Yes
n (%) n (%)
School Mersa 56 (53.80) 48 (46.20) 1.00 1.00
  Sirinka 42 (65.60) 22 (34.40) 0.61 (0.32 - 1.16) 2.30 (0.99 - 5.32)
  Kokono 27 (77.10) 8 (22.90) 0.35 (0.14 - 0.83)* 0.88 (0.28 - 2.76)
  Merto 48 (72.70) 18 (27.30) 0.44 (0.23 - 0.85)* 0.83 (0.36 - 1.96)
  Sirinka Gerado 30 (73.20) 11 (26.80) 0.43 (0.19 - 0.94)* 1.82 (0.65 - 5.08)
  Mehal Amba 31 (77.50) 9 (22.50) 0.34 (0.15 - 0.78)* 0.95 (0.34 - 2.65)
  Melka Chefe 60 (57.10) 45 (42.90) 0.88 (0.51 - 1.51) 0.91 (0.48 - 1.72)
Residence Rural 178 (76.40) 55 (23.60) 1.00 1.00
  Urban 116 (52.30) 106 (47.70) 2.96 (1.98 - 4.42)*** 2.32 (1.21 - 4.45)*
Live with Both parents 206 (60.60) 134 (39.40) 1.00 1.00
  Mother only 45 (71.40) 18 (28.60) 0.62 (0.34 - 1.12) 0.52 (0.26 - 1.03)
  Father only 9 (81.80) 2 (18.20) 0.34 (0.07 -1.61) 0.89 (0.16 - 4.82)
  Relatives 32 (91.40) 3 (8.60) 0.14 (0.04 - 0.48)** 0.16 (0.04 - 0.56)**
  Husband 2 (33.30) 4 (66.70) 3.08 (0.56 -17.02) 4.71 (0.66 - 33.63)
Mother’s education Illiterate 159 (81.50) 36 (18.50) 1.00 1.00
  Read & write 82 (60.70) 53 (39.30) 2.85 (1.73 - 4.71)*** 2.30 (1.23 - 4.30)**
  Primary 30 (44.80) 37 (55.20) 5.45 (2.98 - 9.95)*** 4.13 (1.85 - 9.18)**
  Secondary and above 23 (39.70) 35 (60.30) 6.72 (3.55 - 12.73)*** 4.26 (1.61 - 11.28)**
Father’s education Illiterate 94 (76.40) 29 (23.60) 1.00 1.00
  Read & write 101 (68.20) 47 (31.80) 1.51 (0.88 - 2.59) 0.58 (0.29 - 1.15)
  Primary 49 (59.00) 34 (41.00) 2.25 (1.23 - 4.11)** 0.71 (0.32 - 1.59)
  Secondary and above 50 (49.50) 51 (50.50) 3.31 (1.87 - 5.85)*** 0.71 (0.27 - 1.91)
Mother’s occupation House wife 193 (69.20) 86 (30.80) 1.00 1.00
  Petty trader 79 (59.80) 53 (40.20) 1.51 (0.98 - 2.32) 0.94 (0.53 - 1.65)
  Employed††† 13 (37.10) 22 (62.90) 3.80 (1.83 - 7.89)*** 1.97 (0.73 - 5.28)
  Others 9 (100.00) 0.00 0.00 0.00
Father’s occupation Farmer 206 (71.50) 82 (28.50) 1.00 1.00
  Petty trader 35 (48.60) 37 (51.40) 2.66 (1.57 - 4.50)*** 1.21 (0.57 - 2.55)
  Employed 48 (53.30) 42 (46.70) 2.20 (1.35 - 3.58)** 0.61 (0.25 - 1.50)
  Others†† 5 (100.00) 0.00 0.00 0.00
Monthly expenditure (Eth Birr) <=300 90 (80.40) 22 (19.60) 1.00 1.00
  301-600 97 (77.60) 28 (22.40) 1.18 (0.63 - 2.21) 1.12 (0.55 - 2.28)
  601-900 40 (51.30) 38 (48.70) 3.89 (2.04 - 7.40)*** 3.24 (1.46 - 7.17)**
  901-1200 38 (50.70) 37 (49.30) 3.98 (2.08 - 7.63)*** 3.41 (1.56 - 7.43)**
  >1200 29 (44.60) 36 (55.40) 5.08 (2.58 - 9.98)*** 4.97 (2.21 - 11.16)***
  1. Significant at *p-value < 0.05, **p-value < 0.01, and ***p-value < 0.001.
  2. (farmer, daily laborer), ††(carpenter, barber, daily laborer), †††(government and private).