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Table 4 Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for variables tested for Australian-born and foreign-born women

From: Mental health in immigrant men and women in Australia: the North West Adelaide health study

  Australian-born women Foreign-born women
  Diagnosis Current depression Medication Consultation Diagnosis Current depression Medication Consultation
Age group         
20-34 1.44 (0.83-2.49) 1.39 (0.81-2.39) 1.91 (0.96-3.82) 3.86 (1.04-14.39)* - - - -
35-44 (20–44) 1.38 (0.77-2.48) 1.44 (0.81-2.55) 1.17 (0.54-2.51) 3.91 (1.01-15.08)* 0.89 (0.39-2.03) 1.29 (0.55-3.02) 0.79 (0.27-2.35) 0.25 (0.03-1.80)
45-54 1.53 (0.83-2.78) 1.19 (0.65-2.18) 1.99 (0.94-4.22) 4.30 (1.10-16.89)* 2.43 (1.18-5.00)* 1.71 (0.76-3.89) 1.66 (0.65-4.23) 1.35 (0.40-4.54)
55-64 1.00 1.00 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00 1.00 1.00~
Marital status         
Married 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00
Never married 0.97 (0.64-1.45) 1.15 (0.77-1.71) 1.19 (0.74-1.91) 1.34 (0.72-2.51) 0.08 (0.00-1.41) 0.38 (0.07-2.05) 0.20 (0.01-3.70) -
Previously married 1.83 (1.15-2.89)* 2.26 (1.44-3.55)* 2.25 (1.33-3.80)* 2.50 (1.29-4.86)* 1.59 (0.70-3.61) 1.69 (0.70-4.12) 2.49 (0.94-6.57) 2.29 (0.60-8.75)
Education         
Secondary 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00 1.00
Trade/cert/diploma 0.86 (0.60-1.24) 0.73 (0.51-1.05) 1.29 (0.84-1.97) 1.29 (0.73-2.29) 0.50 (0.26-0.98)* 0.54 (0.26-1.12) 0.50 (0.20-1.24) 1.39 (0.42-4.56)
Bachelor or higher 0.55 (0.35-0.87)* 0.27 (0.16-0.46)* 0.71 (0.42-1.23) 0.87 (0.43-1.74) 0.78 (0.31-1.95) 0.65 (0.23-1.89) 0.75 (0.21-2.64) 0.99 (0.15-6.62)
Income         
Up to $20,000 3.59 (2.32-5.55)* 2.85 (1.85-4.40) 4.47 (2.72-7.35)* 3.55 (1.91-6.61)* 0.96 (0.40-2.31) 2.28 (0.80-6.45) 1.60 (0.58-4.40) 1.29 (0.31-5.32)
$20,001-40,000 1.62 (1.03-2.54)* 1.54 (0.99-2.39) 1.63 (0.94-2.83) 0.72 (0.30-1.72) 0.55 (0.25-1.22) 1.64 (0.64-4.17) 0.17 (0.03-0.84)* 0.46 (0.10-2.17)
$40,001-60,000 0.99 (0.62-1.59) 0.75 (0.46-1.21) 0.80 (0.43-1.49) 0.91 (0.43-1.94) 0.64 (0.28-1.46) 2.03 (0.79-5.23) 0.68 (0.23-1.96) 0.36 (0.06-2.23)
Over $60,000 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00 1.00 1.00~ 1.00
Employment         
Employed 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~
Not in workforce 0.89 (0.60-1.33) 0.89 (0.60-1.32) 0.71 (0.42-1.21) 0.86 (0.43-1.74) 0.75 (0.39-1.46) 1.01 (0.50-2.04) 0.47 (0.17-1.32) 0.34 (0.06-1.92)
Unemployed/other 6.33 (3.61-11.10)* 3.90 (2.23-6.84)* 8.42 (4.75-14.93)* 9.36 (4.86-18.03)* 6.41 (1.65-24.89)* 3.20 (0.81-12.68) 7.23 (1.96-26.71)* 9.01 (1.95-41.66)*
Living situation         
Lives with others 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Lives alone 1.14 (0.65-2.10) 0.84 (0.46-1.55) 1.06 (0.53-2.10) 1.19 (0.49-2.91) 0.62 (0.16-2.39) 0.90 (0.24-3.44) 1.33 (0.32-5.44) 2.21 (0.40-12.09)
General health         
Good/very good/excellent 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00
Fair/poor 3.76 (2.44-5.79)* 14.04 (8.91-22.12)* 2.18 (1.30-3.66)* 1.99 (1.01-3.94)* 1.70 (0.76-3.79) 5.15 (2.34-11.35)* 2.77 (1.09-7.03)* 1.01 (0.19-5.41)
Length of stay - - - -     
< 20 years - - - - 0.38 (0.14-1.01) 0.51 (0.19-1.41) 0.05 (0.00-1.53) 0.27 (0.03-2.89)
≥20 years - - - - 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00
Background         
English-speaking      1.00 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00
Non-English speaking      0.72 (0.39-1.36) 1.64 (0.85-3.15) 0.40 (0.15-1.03) 0.84 (0.26-2.76)
  1. *p < 0.05, ~p < 0.25 for overall Wald statistic and variable included in multivariate model; age-groups 20–34 and 35–44 combined for foreign-born women; − length of stay/background not relevant for Australian-born.