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Table 3 Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for variables tested for Australian-born and foreign-born men

From: Mental health in immigrant men and women in Australia: the North West Adelaide health study

  Australian-born men Foreign-born men
  Diagnosis Current depression Medication Consultation Diagnosis Current depression Medication Consultation
Age group         
20-34 0.66 (0.39-1.13) 1.17 (0.60-2.30) 0.27 (0.12-0.61)* 0.30 (0.13-0.67)* 1.47 (0.71-3.07) 1.20 (0.50-2.88) 0.22 (0.05-0.99)* 1.47 (0.51-4.28)
35-44 0.59 (0.33-1.06) 0.95 (0.46-1.98) 0.73 (0.35-1.52) 0.48 (0.22-1.09) 0.33 (0.12-0.90)* 0.87 (0.34-2.21) 0.34 (0.09-1.27) 0.87 (0.26-2.90)
45-54 0.64 (0.34-1.21) 1.27 (0.60-2.68) 1.13 (0.55-2.36) 0.57 (0.24-1.32) 0.53 (0.24-1.19) 0.77 (0.32-1.85) 0.58 (0.21-1.57) 0.15 (0.02-1.05)
55-64 1.00 1.00 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00 1.00~ 1.00~
Marital status         
Married 1.00 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~
Never married 1.00 (0.64-1.54) 1.50 (0.94-2.38) 0.82 (0.44-1.56) 0.93 (0.47-1.87) 5.51 (2.71-11.20)* 3.49 (1.65-7.39)* 2.89 (0.99-8.43) 3.87 (1.31-11.47)*
Previously married 1.52 (0.77-2.95) 2.41 (1.23-4.72)* 3.22 (1.60-6.50)* 2.03 (0.83-4.99) 3.91 (1.73-8.86)* 1.59 (0.59-4.31) 4.94 (1.75-13.94)* 5.85 1.96-17.46)*
Education         
Secondary 1.00 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~
Trade/cert/diploma 1.01 (0.65-1.56) 0.62 (0.39-0.99)* 0.36 (0.20-0.63)* 0.46 (0.22-0.94)* 0.46 (0.24-0.88)* 0.61 (0.31-1.22) 0.38 (0.14-0.99)* 0.18 (0.06-0.56)*
Bachelor or higher 1.30 (0.79-2.12) 0.62 (0.35-1.10) 0.26 (0.11-0.58)* 1.18 (0.60-2.32) 0.45 (0.18-1.11) 0.44 (0.16-1.26) 0.57 (0.17-1.91) 0.44 (0.13-1.52)
Income         
Up to $20,000 2.36 (1.27-4.37)* 3.30 (1.68-6.50)* 6.67 (3.23-13.83)* 8.55 (3.12-23.44)* 2.20 (0.97-5.02) 3.84 (1.50-9.79)* 16.23 (4.35-60.59)* 2.30 (0.59-8.94)
$20,001-40,000 1.30 (0.78-2.18) 2.59 (1.51-4.44)* 2.38 (1.19-4.78)* 3.86 (1.48-10.05)* 1.17 (0.55-2.47) 2.97 (1.29-6.80)* 2.54 (0.57-11.35) 3.51 (1.19-10.35)*
$40,001-60,000 1.15 (0.72-1.84) 1.30 (0.75-2.28) 1.20 (0.57-2.52) 4.60 (1.92-11.04)* 0.34 (0.13-0.89)* 0.62 (0.21-1.86) 1.99 (0.44-8.90) 0.47 (0.09-2.53)
Over $60,000 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~
Employment         
Employed 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~
Not in workforce 1.92 (1.16-3.43)* 2.30 (1.30-4.08)* 2.13 (1.03-4.41)* 7.73 (3.99-14.95)* 1.40 (0.52-3.77) 1.66 (0.57-4.88) 4.11 (1.11-15.15)* 0.69 (0.09-5.50)
Unemployed/other 2.77 (1.33-5.77)* 2.37 (1.03-5.45)* 7.92 (3.77-16.64)* 7.85 (3.21-19.23)* 2.20 (0.99-4.84) 3.48 (1.55-7.80)* 10.11 (3.81-26.80)* 4.23 (1.57-11.43)*
Living situation         
Lives with others 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00 1.00~ 1.00 1.00~ 1.00~
Lives alone 1.41 (0.81-2.45) 1.51 (0.83-2.75) 1.60 (0.80-3.22) 1.24 (0.52-2.95) 3.26 (1.40-7.63)* 1.21 (0.41-3.62) 3.89 (1.34-11.31)* 6.49 (2.32-18.06)*
General health         
Good/very good/excellent 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~
Fair/poor 3.62 (2.30-5.69)* 3.76 (2.31-6.11)* 4.28 (2.46-7.46)* 4.23 (2.42-8.45)* 7.90 (4.05-15.38)* 6.16 (3.05-12.44)* 4.35 (1.78-10.64)* 10.39 (4.07-26.52)*
Length of stay - - - -     
< 20 years - - - - 0.65 (0.30-1.41) 0.50 (0.20-1.25) 0.16 (0.02-1.16) 2.36 (0.94-5.94)
≥20 years - - - - 1.00 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00~
Background - - - -     
English-speaking - - - - 1.00~ 1.00~ 1.00 1.00
Non-English speaking - - - - 1.67 (0.93-3.00) 2.43 (1.26-4.68)* 0.75 (0.31-1.83) 1.00 (0.41-2.44)
  1. *p < 0.05, ~p < 0.25 for overall Wald statistic and variable included in multivariate model; − length of stay/background not relevant for Australian-born.