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Table 2 Percentages, odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) on mental health measures by birth category and gender

From: Mental health in immigrant men and women in Australia: the North West Adelaide health study

Men Australian-born (AB) Foreign-born: English-speaking (ESB-FB) Foreign-born: non-English-speaking (NESB-FB) AB vs. ESB-FB AB vs. NESB-FB AB vs. ESB-FB AB vs. NESB- FB AB vs. ESB- FB AB vs. NESB- FB
     OR (95% CI)1 OR (95% CI)1 OR (95% CI)2 OR (95% CI)2 OR (95% CI)3 OR (95% CI)3
Diagnosis 12.9% 14.1% 22.0% 1.08 (0.68-1.73) 1.86 (1.17-2.95)* 1.05 (0.65-1.71) 1.73 (1.08-2.79)* 1.02 (0.96-2.59) 1.58 (0.96-2.59)
Current depression 10.1% 9.2% 19.7% 0.92 (0.53-1.60) 2.22 (1.37-3.58)* 0.91 (0.51-1.62) 2.02 (1.22-3.36)* 0.88 (0.49-1.59) 1.84 (1.09-3.10)*
Medication 6.7% 8.1% 6.1% 0.91 (0.50-1.66) 0.77 (0.36-1.64) - - - -
Consultation 4.9% 6.5% 6.8% 1.22 (0.63-2.37) 1.31 (0.62-2.77) - - - -
Women          
Diagnosis 18.2% 22.8% 17.8% 1.32 (0.88-1.99) 0.94 (0.54-1.65) - - - -
Current depression 18.1% 13.5% 20.2% 0.75 (0.47-1.21) 1.26 (0.74-2.15) - - - -
Medication 11.6% 12.7% 5.8% 1.16 (0.67-1.92) 0.45 (0.19-1.10) - - - -
Consultation 6.3% 5.2% 4.0% 0.83 (0.39-1.76) 0.70 (0.25-1.95) - - - -
  1. 1adjusted for age, 2additionally adjusted for marital status, education level, annual household income, employment status and living situation, 3additionally adjusted for general health. *p < 0.05; − results not reported due to lack of significant finding in earlier stage of analysis.