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Table 6 Dimensions and items included in the final CUBEST specific to Hangzhou City

From: Objective assessment of urban built environment related to physical activity — development, reliability and validity of the China Urban Built Environment Scan Tool (CUBEST)

Residential density Street connectivity Accessibility Sidewalk quality Bike lane quality Aesthetic
Types of Housing a (Q1-Q4) Number of intersections (Q5) Commercial destinations b (Q8-Q14) Presence of sidewalks (Q25) Presence of bike lanes (Q30) Cultural features (Q37)
  Presence of bus or other transit stops (Q6) Physical activity destinations c (Q15-Q22) Sidewalk width (Q26) Evenness and maintenance (Q31) Natural sights (Q38)
  Number of transit stops (Q7) Other types of destinations d (Q23-Q24) Evenness and maintenance (Q27) Presence of speed limit signs on motor vehicle lanes (Q32) Cigar butts or discarded cigarette (Q39)
    Obstructions (Q28) Street design characteristics to reduce volume or speed (Q33) Garbage, litter, or broken glass (Q40)
    Signs of “Avoid Pedestrians”/“Slow Down” (Q29) Crossing aids for pedestrians and bicyclists to cross the street safely (Q34) Graffiti on the buildings, signs or walls (Q41)
     Cars running or parked on bike lanes (Q35)  
     Cycling or walking against the flow of traffic on bike lanes (Q36)  
  1. aRow houses; apartment of 1–6, 7–12, more than 13 stories.
  2. bFast food; other restaurant; convenience/grocery store; coffee shop or tea house; other retail stores; other service destinations; other recreational destinations.
  3. cSidewalks / Bike lane; indoor fitness venues; outdoor sports field; school with facilities; neighborhood park; municipal park; public open space; lake or canal.
  4. dParking lot; Railroad, bridge, tunnel, or highway.