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Table 5 Odds ratios (ORs) of having inadequate CHL in the study population

From: Health literacy among refugees in Sweden – a cross-sectional study

   Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 (Final model)
Variables Crude ORa(95% CI) ORb(95% CI) ORc(95% CI) ORd(95% CI)
Sex         
 Men 1   1   1   1  
 Women 0.82 (0.48-1.40) 1.12 (0.60-2.06) 0.93 (0.45-1.91) 0.84 (0.39-1.81)
Age         
 18-24 1   1   1   1  
 25-44 1.84 0.18-1.92) 1.90 (0.67-5.41) 1.62 (0.54-4.88) 1.29 (0.40-4.17)
 45- 0.85 0.36-1.66) 1.55 (0.47-5.19) 1.49 (0.40-5.55) 1.01 (0.25-4.12)
Education         
 0-6 years 1.04 (0.60-1.81) 1.02 (0.53-1.95) 1.11 (0.50-2.47) 0.76 (0.33-1.77)
 7 years or more 1   1   1   1  
FHL         
 Inadeqate 2.47 (1.19–5.13)*      3.97 (1.23–12.89)*
 Problematic 0.83 (0.31-2.24)      1.02 (0.24-4.38)
 Sufficient 1       1  
Years of resid. permit        
 0-2 years 1.68 (0.88-3.21) 1.87 (0.90-3.88) 1.87 (0.81-4.33) 2.31 (0.92-5.84)
 More than 2 years 1   1   1   1  
Long-term illness         
 No 1   1   1   1  
 Yes 2.06 (1.20–3.55)** 2.53 (1.26–4.72)** 2.16 1.01–4.62)* 2.05 (0.91-4.60)
Country         
 Iraq 1     1   1  
 Other country 1.40 (0.55-3.57)    1.23 (0.40-3.73) 1.24 (0.37-4.21)
 Syria 0.75 (0.30-1.87)    0.44 (0.14-1.41) 0.41 (0.12-1.41)
 Afghanistan 1.23 (0.44-3.48)    0.98 (0.30-3.24) 0.96 (0.27-3.39)
 Somalia 0.71 0.30-1.67)    0.81 (0.31-2.50) 0.81 (0.27-2.42)
  1. aCrude OR for considered explanatory factors; bAdj. OR for included explanatory factors: sex, age, education, years of permanent resident permit, long-term illness; cAdj. OR for included explanatory factors in model 1 + country; dAdj. OR for included explanatory factors in model 2 + FHL. *Significant at p < 0.05 **Significant at p < 0.01.