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Table 4 Odds ratios (ORs) of having inadequate FHL in the study population

From: Health literacy among refugees in Sweden – a cross-sectional study

   Model 1 Model 2 (Final model)
Variables CrudeaOR (95% CI) ORb(95% CI) ORc(95% CI)
Sex       
 Men 1     1  
 Women 1.22 (0.81-1.83) 1.15 (0.70-1.90) 1.23 (0.70-2.20)
Age       
 18-24 1     1  
 25-44 1.09 (0.57-2.07) 1.02 (0.50-2.11) 1.12 (0.51-2.44)
 44- 2.63 (1.20–5.74)* 1.70 (0.70-4.13) 1.97 (0.76-5.09)
Education       
 0-6 years 3.01 (1.88–4.82)** 3.32 (1.91–5.78)** 2.25 (1.20–4.20)*
 7 years or more 1      
Years of resid. permit       
 0-2 years 0.391 (0.23-0.67)** 0.53 (0.29-0.97)* 0.54 (0.26-1.11)
 More than 2 years 1      
Long-term sickness       
 No 1      
 Yes 1.79 (1.14–2.80)* 1.48 (0.87-2.51) 1.4 (0.77-2.56)
Country       
 Iraq 1     1  
 Other country 0.72 (0.36-1.44)    1.38 (0.57-3.30)
 Syria 0.90 (0.48-1.67)    1.37 (0.61-3.07)
 Afghanistan 1.53 (0.64-3.65)    1.71 (0.60-4.87)
 Somalia 2.09 (1.09–4.03)*    2.89 (1.28–6.53)*
  1. aCrude OR for considered explanatory factors; bOR for included explanatory factors: sex, age, education, years of permanent resident permit, long-term illness; cOR for included explanatory factors in model 1 + country. *Significant at p < 0.05 **Significant at p < 0.01.