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Table 3 Socio demographic characteristics and their association with HIV preventive behavior among mining workers in Sali traditional gold mining site Bench Maji Zone, South West Ethiopia, Feb 2012 N = 393

From: HIV preventive behavior and associated factors among mining workers in Sali traditional gold mining site bench maji zone, Southwest Ethiopia: a cross sectional study

Variables HIV preventive behavior OR (95% CI)
  Yes No Crude Adjusted
  n (%) n (%)   
Age of respondent     
15-19 21(5.3%) 32(8.1%) 1(reference) 1(reference)
20-24 93(23.7%) 92(23.4%) 1.54(0.82, 2.86) 1.51(0.79, 2.91)
25-34 67(17.0%) 67(17.0%) 1.52(0.80, 2.86) 1.60(0.81, 3.17)
35 and above 6(1.5%) 15(3.8%) 0.61(0.20, 1.82) 0.56(0.17, 1.82)
Religion     
Orthodox 92(23.4%) 90(22.9%) 1(reference) 1(reference)
Muslim 46(11.7%) 62(15.8%) 0.72(0.44, 1.17) 0.76(0.45, 1.30)
Protestant 44(11.2%) 44(11.2%) 0.97(0.588,1.62) 1.01(0.56,1.844)
Others 5(1.3%) 10(2.5%) 0.48(0.16, 1.48) 0.65(0.12, 2.16)
Ethnic status     
Amhara 74(18.8%) 93(23.7%) 1(reference) 1(reference)
Oromo 30(7.6%) 29(7.4%) 1.30(0.71, 2.35) 1.34(0.68, 2.63)
Gurage 26(6.6%) 20(5.1%) 1.63(0.84, 3.15) 1.47(0.72, 3.00)
Walayita 25(6.4%) 28(7.1%) 1.12(0.64, 2.08) 100(0.47, 2.11)
Hadiya 21(5.3%) 30(7.6%) 0.88(0.46, 1.66) 0.99(0.48, 2.06)
Others 11(2.8%) 6(1.5%) 2.30(0.81, 6.52) 2.18(0.73, 6.52)
Marital status     
Single 131(33.3%) 140(35.6%) 1(reference) 1(reference)
Married 50(12.7%) 55(14.0%) 0.98(0.61, 1.52) 0.90(0.55, 1.49)
Divorced 3(0.8%) 7(1.8%) 0.45(0.11, 1.80) 0.55(0.13, 2.30)
Widowed 3(0.8%) 4(1.0%) 0.80(0.17, 3.64) 0.94(0.19, 4.50)
Monthly income     
Lower 60(15.3%) 39(9.9%) 1(reference) 1(reference)
Middle 42(10.7%) 56(14.2%) 0.48(0.28, 0.86)* 0.41(0.22, 0.76)*
Higher 56(14.2%) 61(15.5%) 0.59(0.34, 1.02) 0.53(0.23, 0.94)*
Highest 29(7.4%) 50(12.7%) 0.38(0.20, 0.70)* 0.36(0.18, 0.69)*
Educational status     
Illiterate 10(2.5%) 25(6.4%) 1(reference) 1(reference)
Primary school 63(16.0%) 79(20.1%) 2.00(0.89, 4.45) 2.21(0.94, 5.21)
Secondary school 98(24.9%) 95(24.2%) 2.57(1.17, 5.65)* 3.00(1.28, 6.82)*
Tertiary 16(4.1%) 7(1.8%) 5.71(1.8, 18.08)* 5.27(1.55, 17.9)*
  1. *Significant at p < 0.05.