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Table 1 Reported estimates of Aboriginal life expectancy at birth (yr) by method, compared with the total population 1983–2009, Australia

From: A review of life expectancy and infant mortality estimations for Australian Aboriginal people

   Life expectancy Life expectancy Life expectancy
   Aboriginal all Australia gap
Source Method Period Male Female Period Male Female Male Female
Gray (1997) [26] Preston-Hill 1981–86 55.7 63.9 1983 72.1 78.8 16.4 14.9
  with Luther 1986–91 56.9 64.4 1988 73.1 79.5 16.2 15.1
  and Retherford 1991–96 57.0 63.8 1993 75.0 80.9 18.0 17.1
ABS (1998,1999,2001) Preston-Hill 1991–96 56.9 61.7 1993 75.0 80.9 18.1 19.2
[15, 21, 24, 29, 34]   1998–99 55.6 63.0 1997–99 76.2 81.8 20.6 18.8
   1998–2000 56.0 62.7 1999 76.2 81.8 20.2 19.1
   1999–2001 56.3 62.8 2000 76.6 82.0 20.3 19.2
Kinfu & Taylor (2002) [42] Hill 1996–2001 58.9 65.1 1997–99 76.2 81.8 17.3 16.7
ABS (2004) [22] Bhat 1991–96 61.9 66.1 1993 75.0 80.9 13.1 14.8
   1996–2001 63.2 68.4 1997–99 76.2 81.8 16.8 17.0
Indigenous Burden of Generalised 1991–96 63.0 67.9 1993 75.0 80.9 12.0 13.0
Disease study (2007) [44] Growth Balance 1996–2001 64.2 68.9 1997–99 76.2 81.8 12.0 12.9
ABS (2010) [47] CDE-adjusted 2005–07 67.2 72.9 2006 78.7 83.5 11.5 10.6
   2005–07 69.9 75.0 2006 78.7 82.5 8.8 7.5
Morrell et al. (2012) [53] Empirical 1995–99 64.4 69.6 1996–98 [48] 75.9 81.5 11.5 11.9
  cohort 2000–04 65.6 71.1 2001–03 [49] 77.8 82.8 12.2 11.7
  (Sydney)§ 2005–09 67.6 71.4 2006–08 [50] 79.2 83.7 12.3 12.3
  1. Except where indicated.
  2. NSW estimates.
  3. §Aboriginal Medical Service, Redfern.