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Table 2 Definitions of outcomes included in the review and effect measure reported

From: Financial incentives and coverage of child health interventions: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Outcome Definition Effect measure*
Breastfeeding practices
Receiving colostrum Percentage of newborns receiving colostrum Mean difference in the change in percentage of newborns receiving colostrum between intervention and control group
Early initiation of breastfeeding Percentage of newborns breastfed within the first hour of life Mean difference in the change in percentage of early initiation of breastfeeding between intervention and control group
Exclusive breastfeeding Percentage of infants 0 to 5 months who are exclusively breastfed Mean difference in the change in percentage of exclusive breastfeeding between intervention and control group
Duration of exclusive breastfeeding Mean duration of exclusive breasfeeding in days Mean difference in the percent change in duration of exclusive breastfeeding between intervention and control group
Breastfeeding among children <2 years Percentage of children under 2 years of age that are or were breastfed Mean difference in the change in percentage of any breastfeeding between intervention and control group
Vaccination
BCG coverage Percentage of children that received BCG Mean difference in the change in BCG coverage between intervention and control group
DPT-1 coverage Percentage of children that received DPT-1 vaccine Mean difference in the change in DPT-1 coverage between intervention and control group
DPT-3 coverage Percentage of children that received DPT-3 vaccine Mean difference in the change in DPT-3 coverage between intervention and control group
MCV coverage Percentage of children that received measles (MCV) vaccine Mean difference in the change in MCV coverage between intervention and control group
Polio vaccine coverage Percentage of children that received polio vaccine Mean difference in the change in OPV coverage between intervention and control group
Any vaccination coverage Percentage of children that received any vaccine Mean difference in the change in coverage of any antigen between intervention and control group
Full vaccination coverage Percentage of children that are fully vaccinated according to the country's EPI schedule for their age Mean difference in the change in coverage of EPI between intervention and control group
Health care use
Preventive health care use Percentage of children with a preventive health care visit in the previous 6 months** Mean difference in the change in the percentage of children reporting a preventive health care visit between intervention and control group
Curative health care use Percentage of children with a health care visit due to illness in the previous 6 months** Mean difference in the change in the percentage of children reporting a curative health care visit between intervention and control group
Health care use Percentage of children with any health care visit in the previous 6 months** Mean difference in the change in the percentage of children reporting any health facility visit between intervention and control group
Preventive health care visits Mean number of child-visits for preventive reasons in the previous month** Mean difference in the percentage change in the number of preventive visits between intervention and control group
Curative health care visits Mean number of child-visits due to illness in the previous month** Mean difference in the percentage change in the number of curative visits between intervention and control group
New health care visits Mean number of new child-visits in the previous month** Mean difference in the percentage change in the number of new visits between intervention and control group
Follow-up health care visits Mean number of follow-up child-visits after a curative visit in the previous month** Mean difference in the percentage change in the number of follow-up visits between intervention and control group
Health care visits Mean number of any child-visit in the previous month** Mean difference in the percentage change in the number of any visits between intervention and control group
Management of diarrhoeal disease
ORS use Percentage of children that received oral rehydration solution during the last episode of diarrhoea Mean difference in the change in percentage of ORS use during latest diarrhoea episode between intervention and control group
Continued feeding Percentage of children that were fed the same amount or more than usual during the last episode of diarrhoea Mean difference in the change in percentage of continued feeding during latest diarrhoea episode between intervention and control group
Care-seeking Percentage of children that were taken to a health facility during the last episode of diarrhoea Mean difference in the change in the percentage of children taken to health facility during latest diarrhoea episode between intervention and control group
Other preventive health interventions
Preventive deworming Percentage of children that received deworming drugs in the last 6 months** Mean difference in the change in percentage of preventive deworming between intervention and control group
Vitamin A supplementation Percentage of children that received Vitamin A supplementation in the last 6 months** Mean difference in the change in percentage of vitamin A supplementation between intervention and control group
Iron supplementation Percentage of children that received iron supplementation in the last 6 months** Mean difference in the change in percentage of iron supplementation between intervention and control group
  1. * In the case of cross-sectional studies, the effect measure was calculated assuming no change in control group and that the baseline value for the intervention group as equal to that of the control group.
  2. ** When reporting period is different this is noted as a limitation in the quality assessment table.