Skip to main content

Table 5 Quality assessment of studies on commercial/specialized ingredients versus home-available ingredients

From: Dietary management of childhood diarrhea in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review

   QUALITY ASSESSMENT SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
Number of studies Diarrhea mode Design Limitations Consistency Generalizability to population of interest Overall quality of evidence Number of events in intervention group Number of events in control group Effect size (95% CI)
OUTCOME: DURATION OF DIARRHEA Standardized Mean Difference
3 Acute RCT Study quality ranges from moderate to high Consistent (I2= 0%) Infants and young children (≤24m) with acute diarrhea, without severe malnutrition, in LMICs Moderate - - -0.13 [-0.36, 0.09]
3 Persistent RCT Studies of moderate quality Consistent (I2= 0%) Malnourished infants and young children (≤36m) with persistent diarrhea in LMICs Moderate - - -0.03 [-0.37, 0.32]
OUTCOME: STOOL OUTPUT Standardized Mean Difference
4 Acute RCT Study quality ranges from moderate to high Consistent (I2= 0%) Infants and young children (≤36m) with acute diarrhea, without severe malnutrition, in LMICs Moderate - - 0.15 [-0.06, 0.36]
3 Persistent RCT Studies of moderate quality Consistent (I2= 25%) Malnourished infants and young children (≤36m) with persistent diarrhea in LMICs Moderate - - 0.16 [-0.23, 0.54]
OUTCOME: WEIGHT GAIN Standardized Mean Difference
5 Acute RCT Study quality ranges from moderate to high Heterogeneous (I2= 58%) Infants and young children (≤36m) with acute diarrhea, without severe malnutrition, in LMICs Moderate - - -0.09 [-0.40, 0.23]
4 Persistent RCT Study quality ranges from low to moderate Heterogeneous (I2= 88%) Malnourished infants and young children (≤36m) with persistent diarrhea in LMICs Low - - 0.04 (-0.90, 0.97)
OUTCOME: TREATMENT FAILURE Risk Ratio
8 Acute RCT Study quality ranges from moderate to high Heterogeneous (I2= 49%) Infants and young children (≤36m) with acute diarrhea, without severe malnutrition, in LMICs Moderate 34 25 0.82 [0.37, 1.79]
5 Persistent RCT Study quality ranges from low to high; nutritional status ranges from non-malnourished to severely malnourished Heterogeneous (I2= 67%) Infants and young children (≤36m) with persistent diarrhea in LMICs Low 21 22 0.55 [0.17, 1.74]