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Table 1 Scheme of analysis for chlorhexidine groups and non-chlorhexidine groups in the included studies

From: The effect of umbilical cord cleansing with chlorhexidine on omphalitis and neonatal mortality in community settings in developing countries: a meta-analysis

Study ID Study groups Any CHX vs. No CHX
Nepal trial 2006 [11] Group A: Multiple cleansing of cord stump with 4 % CHX.
Group B: Cleansing of cord with Soap and water
Group C: Dry cord care
Group A vs. Group B +C
Bangladesh trial 2012 [12] Group A: Multiple cleansing of cord stump with 4 % CHX.
Group B: Single cleansing of cord stump with 4 % CHX.
Group C: Dry cord care
Group A + B vs. Group C
Pakistan trial 2012 [13] Group A: Multiple cleansing of cord stump with 4 % CHX and promotion of handwashing among caregivers.
Group B: Promotion of handwashing only.
Group C: Multiple cleansing of cord stump with 4 % CHX only
Group D: Dry cord care
Group A +C vs. Group B +D
  1. CHX: Chlorhexidine