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Table 4 Health outcomes and concentration indices by exposure to PSI interventions

From: Equity monitoring for social marketing: use of wealth quintiles and the concentration index for decision making in HIV prevention, family planning, and malaria programs

Outcome Exposure Proportion Exposed Concentration Indexexposed
(n, SE)
Concentration Indexunexposed
(n, SE)
P-value
(H0: C. Indexexposed =
C. Indexunexposed)
Nepal Malaria Survey
Children under 5 under any bednet Saw PSI-branded poster/leaflet 67% 0.002
(1201, 0.003)
0.014
(604, 0.010)
p = 0.146
Pregnant under any bednet Saw PSI-branded poster/leaflet 79% 0.008
(147, 0.010)
0.149*
(47, 0.053)
p < 0.001*
Children under 5 under LLIN Saw PSI-branded poster/leaflet 67% -0.049*
(1201, 0.008)
-0.129*
(604, 0.029)
p < 0.001*
Pregnant under LLIN Saw PSI-branded poster/leaflet 79% -0.017
(147, 0.018)
0.126
(47, 0.108)
p = 0.038*
Children under 5 under any bednet Received a home visit regarding LLIN 30% 0.008*
(548, 0.004)
0.012*
(1257, 0.006)
p = 0.673
Pregnant under any bednet Received a home visit regarding LLIN 36% na
(65,na)
0.062*
(129,0.021)
na
Children under 5 under LLIN Received a home visit regarding LLIN 30% -0.022*
(548, 0.009)
-0.051*
(1257, 0.014)
p = 0.188
Pregnant under LLIN Received a home visit regarding LLIN 36% -0.015
(65, 0.011)
0.038
(129, 0.037)
p = 0.316
Nepal Family Planning Survey
Modern contraceptive use Heard any IUD health message 41% 0.015
(332, 0.015)
0.004
(486, 0.020)
p = 0.686
Modern contraceptive use Saw PSI-branded poster or leaflet 54% 0.006
(555, 0.015)
0.071*
(481, 0.026)
p = 0.026*
Burkina Faso HIV Survey (youth, aged 15-24)
Condom at last sex with regular partner Saw any ad 52% 0.053
(265, 0.030)
0.140*
(246, 0.060)
p = 0.186
Consistent condom use with regular partner Saw any ad 52% 0.080
(265, 0.038)
0.176*
(246, 0.071)
p = 0.224
Condom use at last sex with occasional partner Saw any ad 42% 0.170*
(44, 0.064)
0.023
(62, 0.093)
p = 0.235
Consistent condom use with occasional partner Saw any ad 42% 0.223*
(44, 0.101)
0.089
(62, 0.187)
p = 0.575
  1. *Concentration indices are statistically significantly different from zero at p < 0.05.
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