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Table 2 Results of the univariate multi-level logistic regression analyses examining school-level physical activity policy characteristics associated with being overweight among youth in grades 1 to 4 in PLAY-On (Ontario, Canada, 2007–2008)

From: A cross-sectional examination of school characteristics associated with overweight and obesity among grade 1 to 4 students

  Model estimates (standard error)
   Model 1
   Overweight vs. normal weight a
  Phase  
Healthy physical environment   
Student access to a variety of facilities on and off school grounds during school hours Action 1.64 (0.71)*
Maintenance 1.15 (0.71)
Availability of physical activities during inclement weather Action 0.45 (0.29)
Maintenance −0.18 (0.95)
Student access to facilities and equipment outside of school hours Action −0.22 (0.35)
Maintenance 0.77 (0.69)
Support for active transportation to and from school Action −0.43 (0.37)
Maintenance −0.84 (0.39)*
Overall score for this indicator Action −0.14 (0.28)
Instruction and programs   
Implementation of daily PA Maintenance −0.23 (0.39)
Time spent per week engaged in PA during physical education classes Action −0.23 (0.44)
Maintenance −0.18 (0.58)
Classes taught by a qualified physical education specialist Action −0.12 (0.32)
Availability and use of intramural/club activities Action −0.06 (0.26)
Maintenance −0.10 (0.29)
Consistency of intramural programming across grade divisions and seasons Action 0.09 (0.46)
Maintenance 0.36 (0.95)
Availability and use of interschool programs Action −0.02 (0.35)
Maintenance −0.33 (0.54)
Consistency of interschool programming across seasons Maintenance −0.13 (0.37)
Overall score for this indicator Action 0.15 (0.30)
Supportive social environment   
Emphasis placed on maximizing participation in PA through school programs Action 1.03 (0.70)
Maintenance 1.08 (0.65)
Incorporation of PA into other school subjects Action 0.32 (0.54)
Maintenance 0.56 (0.64)
Special recognition of students who participate in school physical activities Action 0.74 (0.63)
Maintenance −0.09 (0.40)
Formal collection of suggestions from the school community about PA at school Action 0.02 (0.66)
Maintenance 0.06 (0.44)
Promotion of PA programs and events for students, families and school staff Action −0.81 (0.59)
Maintenance −0.43 (0.47)
Use of PA as a reward, not as discipline Action −0.12 (0.48)
Maintenance −0.24 (0.53)
Presence of written policies or practices that support PA Action −0.14 (0.28)
Maintenance −0.06 (0.22)
Overall score for this indicator Action −0.37 (0.20)
Community Partnerships   
Support available for school staff involved with PA Maintenance −0.50 (0.30)
Connection to community resources Action −0.40 (0.42)
Maintenance −0.19 (0.35)
Overall score for this indicator Action −0.56 (0.29)
Maintenance −0.05 (0.17)
Number of opportunity structures within a 1 kilometer (km) radius of a school
Recreation facilities Each 1 unit increase −0.02 (0.09)
Variety stores −0.13 (0.11)
Fast-food restaurants −0.19 (0.14)
Bakeries/donut shops 0.05 (0.13)
Grocery stores   −0.13 (0.08)
  1. Note: aBMI values used to determine weight status have been adjusted for age and sex.
  2. Model 1: 1 = Overweight (n = 319), 0 = Normal weight (n = 1,711).
  3. *p < .05 Reference group is Initiation, Reference group is Action.