Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Crude and adjusted hazard ratios of depression for outpatients and inpatients of COPD compared with non-COPD controls

From: Increased risk and related factors of depression among patients with COPD: a population-based cohort study

Patient group Event PY Incidence Crude HR aHR*
     (95% CI) (95% CI)
Controls 1477 228176 6.47 1.00 1.00
COPD patients 2632 215852 12.19 1.88 (1.76–2.00) 1.88 (1.77–2.01)
COPD outpatient 2418 202437 11.94 1.85 (1.73–1.97) 1.85 (1.74–1.98)
COPD inpatient 214 13415 15.95 2.40 (2.08–2.77) 2.29 (1.98–2.65)
  1. Per 1,000 person-years for incidence rate.
  2. *Model adjusted for age, sex, urbanization level, income, and the comorbidity.