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Table 2 Schematic overview of the ‘BBOFT+’ intervention

From: Primary prevention of overweight in preschool children, the BeeBOFT study (breastfeeding, breakfast daily, outside playing, few sweet drinks, less TV viewing): design of a cluster randomized controlled trial

Feeding • Breastfeeding ± 2 weeks
• Variation in maternal food ± 1,2 months
• No extra bottle when breast feeding ± 2 weeks, ± 2 months
• Left overs allowed in bottle ± 2 weeks, ± 2 months
• No extra supplements in bottle ± 1 month
• Level spoon for bottle feeding ± 1 month
• Do not reward every cry or fuss with feeding ± 2 months
• Eat in a social setting (not in front of TV) ± 1 month
• Accustom to different structures ± 3 months
• Accustom to different tastes ± 4, 71/2 months
• Difference home-made food and food from jars ± 6 months
• Eating at the same time at the table ± 4,6, 71/2 months
• No TV watching while eating ± 9,11,18,24,36 months
• Positive atmosphere at the table ± 9,11,18,36 months
• Child may eat less or more in this phase ± 14,24 months
± 14,24 months
Space to move and play with pleasure • Tummy time ± 2 weeks, 1,2,3,4,6 months
• Car seat is for transport ± 4 months
• Not too long in rocking chair ± 4 months
• Get baby out of playpen before it starts to cry ± 4 months
• The playpen is a safe a nice place to play ± 6, 71/2,11 months
• The playpen is a stimulant for motoric development ± 6, 71/2,11 months
• Let the toddler walk itself when/where possible ± 14,18,24,36 months
Daily outside   ± 2 weeks, 1,2,3,6,9,11,14,18 months
Sleep • Duration (sleeping/awake) ± 2 weeks, 1,2,3,4,6,71/2,9,11, 18,24,36 months
• Put the baby to sleep awake ± 2,3, 71/2 months
• Sleep in afternoon gradually reducing ± 71/2 months
• Late feeding in the evening not necessary anymore ± 71/2,9,11,18 months
• Children like rituals when going to bed ± 9,11,24,36 months
• A bottle “to fall asleep” is not necessary ± 9,11,14 months
• Bedtime ± 11,18,24,36 months
Regularity, uniformity in daily care and reduction of stimuli • Fixed order: sleeping, feeding, playing, getting tired, bring to bed awake ± 1,2,11,14,18 months
• Crying increases till 6-8 weeks, and decreases after 8 week ± 1 months
• Play in playpen, transport in car seat ± 2 months
Parenting • Role/influence grandparents ± 2,71/2,18,36 months
• Children need warmth, love and safety ± 2,3,71/2 months
• Sensitive and warm parenting and at the same time restriction ± 71/2,9,14,18,24,36 months
• Sweets/food not to be used as reinforcer of behavior ± 71/2,9,14,18 months
• Parenting style ± 9,24 months
• Children like predictability ± 14 months
• Screen/food not to be used as reinforcer of behavior ± 24,36 months
Screen • A baby and TV watching don’t match ± 3,4,6,71/2,9 months
• No television in bedroom of the child ± 11,14,18,24,36 months
• Watch TV together ± 14 months
• Watch TV/play computer together, not longer than 1 hour, daily ± 24,36 months
Drinking • When thirsty, offer water ± 4,6,9,11,18,24 months
Snack • Water and diluted fruit juice or tea (no sugar), and bread crust or cracker ± 9,11 months