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Table 1 Multivariate analysis of factors associated with perceived efficacy of hand-washing and estimating into the sleeve as best way to cough (n = 4.012, pooled data week 49-51/2008 and week 48/2009)

From: Hygiene perception changes during the influenza A H1N1 pandemic in Germany: incorporating the results of two cross-sectional telephone surveys 2008–2009

  Efficacy of hand-washing is very good Into the sleeve is best way to cough
  No./% Odds ratio Confidence interval 95% No./% Odds ratio Confidence interval 95%
Year       
2009 1230 (61.5) *1.54 (1.31-1.80) 825 (38.3) *13.07 (10.00-17.08)
2008 987 (50.9) 1   100 (4.8) 1  
Sex       
Female 1315 (61.1) *1.47 (1.25-1.72) 549 (23.9) *1.50 (1.21-1.85)
Male 902 (51.0) 1   376 (19.2) 1  
Age       
18-29 308 (50.4) **0.66 (0.51-0.85) 171 (27.1) *2.19 (1.54-3.12)
30-44 624 (54.2) **0.77 (0.62-0.96) 337 (27.4) *2.40 (1.80-3.20)
45-59 622 (55.7) **0.79 (0.64-0.99) 229 (19.6) **1.39 (1.04-1.87)
60+ 663 (61.7) 1   188 (15.3) 1  
Education       
9 year 516 (57.8) °1.13 (0.94-1.36) 167 (18.5) *0.76 (0.59-0.97)
10 year 707 (56.4) °1.12 (0.95-1.33) 293 (23.5) °0.87 (0.70-1.08)
12+ year 953 (52.4) 1   446 (25.5) 1  
  1. * = significant p < 0.001, ** = significant p < 0.05, ° = not significant.