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Table 5 Comparison of the determinants of exclusive breastfeeding in infants 5 months of age and under between 2006 and 2011, Nepal

From: Exclusive breastfeeding practices in relation to social and health determinants: a comparison of the 2006 and 2011 Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys

Factors Survey 2006 Survey 2011
  Model 1 Model 1b Model 2
  Adjusted OR 95% CI Adjusted OR 95% CI Adjusted OR 95% CI
Infant’s age (months) P < 0.001   p < 0.001   P < 0.001  
<=4 3.083 1.825 (5.206) 9.449 3.375-26.459 6.11 2.349 -15.897
5-6 1.00   1.00   1.00  
Ecological region P = 0.009   p = 0.648   N/S  
Mountain 1.00   1.00    
Hill 3.426 1.568-7.474 0.512 0.151-1.731   
Terai 1.841 0.942-3.559 1.324 0.393-4.459   
Father’s occupation P = 0.018   P = 0.668   N/S  
Agriculture 1.00   1.00    
Professional, clerical, service, and manual 0.578 0.383-0.873 0.559 0.213-1.470   
Others (Not specified) 0.286 0.089-0.919 1.409 0.293-6.745   
Parity P = 0.045   P = 0.325    
First 1.00   1.00    
Second or third 1.786 1.076-2.996 1.304 0.612-2.777   
Fourth or more 1.968 1.020-3.799 0.586 0.201-1.709   
Place of delivery P = 0.036   P = 0.269   N/S  
Home 1.886 1.044-3.407 0.661 0.316-1.382   
Health facility 1.00   1.00    
  1. Independent variable entered in model 1: age of infant, development region, ecological region, mother’s education, father’s occupation, ethnicity, religion, sex of child, wealth quintile, parity, birth interval, timing of pregnancy, number of ANC visits, deworming, iron consumption during pregnancy, mode of delivery, size of infant, and prelacteal feeding. Only significant variables in backward elimination procedure are presented in the table. Valid case: 481. Model 1b: This model included the significant variables of Model 1(2006) to allow comparability. Model 2: Independent variables entered in the model 2: infant’s age, sex of infant, religion, ANC visits, and mode of delivery. N/S: Not significant.