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Table 4 Determinants of exclusively breastfeeding in infants 5 months of age and under, Nepal 2011

From: Exclusive breastfeeding practices in relation to social and health determinants: a comparison of the 2006 and 2011 Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys

Factor Total N [%] EBF n [%] Crude OR 95% CI Adjusted OR 95% CI
Infant’s age (months)    P < 0.001   P < 0.001  
<=4 187 (82.3) 134 (73.5) 5.690- 2.161-14.554 6.11 2.349 -15.897
5-6 40 (17.7) 12 (33.1) 1.00   1.00  
Sex of child    P = 0.088   P = 0.471  
Male 118 (52.0) 73 (60.3) 1.00   1.00  
Female 109 (48.0) 73 (72.4) 1.704 0.923-3.146 1.290 0.643-2.589
Religion    P = 0.224   P = 0.229  
Hindu 190 (83.8) 125 (68.2) 1.685 0.731-3.760 2.082 0.869-4.990
Others 37 (16.2) 21 (56.4)    1.00  
ANC (number of visits)    P = 0.053   P = 0.119  
No visit 28 (12.2) 17 (84.7) 1.00   1.00  
1-3 87 (38.3) 52 (66.8) 0.362 0.107-1.226 0.435 0.126-1.507
4 or more 112 (49.4) 77 (61.4) 0.286 0.081-1.017 0.346 0.091-1.317
Mode of delivery    P = 0.042   P = 0.150  
Vaginal 209 (92.2) 134 (64.5) 0.257 0.069-0.954 0.349 0.083-1.474
Caesarean 18 (7.8) 12 (87.6) 1.00   1.00  
  1. Independent variables entered in the initial model: infant’s age, sex of infant, religion, ANC visits, and mode of delivery.