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Table 3 Determinants of exclusively breastfeeding in infants 5 months of age and under - unadjusted and adjusted Odds Ratio, Nepal 2006

From: Exclusive breastfeeding practices in relation to social and health determinants: a comparison of the 2006 and 2011 Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys

Factor Total N [%] EBF n [%] Crude OR 95% CI Adjusted OR 95% CI
Infant’s age (months)    P < 0.001   P < 0.001  
<=4 380 (78.8) 218 (59.3) 2.946 1.898- 4.573 3.083 1.825 (5.206)
5-6 102 (21.2) 26 (33.1) 1.00   1.00  
Ecological region    P = 0.109   P = 0.009  
Mountain 60 (12.4) 22 (41.2) 1.00   1.00  
Hill 185 (38.4) 110 (60.9) 2.221 0.992-4.946 3.426 1.568-7.474
Terai 237 (49.2) 113 (49.0) 1.370 0.670-2.800 1.841 0.942-3.559
Father’s occupation    P = 0.082   P = 0.018  
Agriculture 176 (36.5) 106 (63.4) 1.00   1.00  
Professional, clerical, service, and manual 195 (61.2) 134 (48.7) 0.546 0.388-0.769 0.578 0.383-0.873
Others (Not specified) 11 (2.3) 5 (32.8) 0.281 0.061-1.177 0.286 0.089-0.919
Parity    P = 0.001   P = 0.045  
First 146 (30.4) 58 (41.3) 1.00   1.00  
Second or third 224 (46.6) 123 (57.2) 1.905 1.242-2.921 1.786 1.076-2.996
Fourth or more 111 (23.1) 64 (63.2) 2.442 1.427-4.180 1.968 1.020-3.799
Place of delivery    P = 0.004   P = 0.036  
Home 378 (78.4) 201(57.2) 2.025 1.261-3.253 1.886 1.044-3.407
Health facility 104 (21.6) 44 (39.7) 1.00   1.00  
  1. Independent variables included in the initial model: age of infant, development region, ecological region, mother’s education, father’s occupation, ethnicity, religion, sex of child, wealth quintile, parity, birth interval, timing of pregnancy, number of ANC visits, deworming, iron consumption during pregnancy, mode of delivery, place of delivery, size of infant, and prelacteal feeding. Only significant variables in backward elimination procedure are presented in the table. Valid case: 481.