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Table 3 Multivariate logistic analysis of alcohol consumption patterns and other correlates of alcohol-related aggression

From: Evaluation of drinking patterns and their impact on alcohol-related aggression: a national survey of adolescent behaviours

  Alcohol-related aggression
  Males Females
  adj OR (95% CI) adj OR (95% CI)
Drinking patterns   
 Drinking to excess 1.41 (1.34–1.49) *** 1.62 (1.49–1.77) ***
 Drinking with intoxication 1.20 (1.09–1.31) *** 1.17 (1.00–1.37)
 Drinking but not to excess 0.88 (0.82–0.94) *** 0.86 (0.77–0.97) *
Age 0.90 (0.85–0.96) *** …§
Friends’ behaviour with alcohol   
 Regular drinkers but few get drunk 1.24 (0.80–1.92)
 Regular drinkers and most get drunk 2.06 (1.32–3.21) ***
Substance use   
 Cannabis in the last year 1.68 (1.40–2.01) *** 1.86 (1.41–2.45) ***
 Other illegal substances 2.32 (1.79–3.01) *** 2.96 (2.04–4.28) ***
 Daily use of cigarettes in the last month 1.51 (1.26–1.82) ***
School   
 Truancy (≥3 days in the last month) 1.43 (1.18–1.72) *** 1.51 (1.11–2.04) **
 Scholastic achievement in the last term 0.82 (0.70–0.96) * 0.76 (0.60–0.98) *
Family   
 Parental monitoring (frequent or always) 0.68 (0.57–0.80) ***
Leisure time   
 Sports activities (almost daily) 1.49 (1.27–1.74) ***
 Going out in the evening (almost daily) 1.44 (1.22–1.70) *** 1.37 (1.05–1.80) *
  1. adj OR: adjusted odds ratios, CI: confidence interval, * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001.
  2. § Ellipses indicate that the variable was excluded from the multivariate model because of p ≥ 0.05.